La República de Colombia
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Colombia gained its independence of Spain in 1819, and was officially constituted December 27, 1819. It split up into Venezuela, Ecuador, and the Republic of New Granada, February 29, 18–32. The Constitution of April 1, 1858, changed the Republic into a confederation of eight States, under the name of Confederation Granadina. On September 20, 1861, the convention of Bogota brought out the confederation under the new name of United States of New Granada, with nine States. On May 8, 1863, an improved Constitution was formed, and the States reverted to the old name Colombia—United States of Colombia. The revolution of 1885 brought about another change, and the National Council of Bogota, composed of three delegates from each State, promulgated the Constitution of August 4, 1886. The sovereignty of the States was abolished, and they became simple departments, with governors appointed by the President of the Republic, though they have retained some of their old rights, such as the management of their own finances. In 1908, a new territorial division of the country was adopted, 27 circumscriptions or departments being formed.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Colombia

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales diplomaticos y consulares de Colombia. Bogotá.Google Scholar
  2. Bulletins of the Bureau of the American Republics, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  3. Constitution of the Republic of Colombia (August 7,1886). Bogotá.Google Scholar
  4. Diario Official. Bogotá.Google Scholar
  5. Estadistica General por Henrique Arboleda. Bogotá, 1905.Google Scholar
  6. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  7. Informe del Ministro de Fomento—del Ministro de Guerra; del Ministro de Instruction Pdblica; Ministro de Relaeunes Exteriores; Ministro de Gobierno; Ministro del Tesoro; Ministro de Justicia; Ministro de Hacienda. Bogotá.Google Scholar
  8. Informe del Superintendente de las Rentas Publicas, 1907. Bogotá, 1908.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Borda (J. J.), Compendio de Historia de Colombia. Bogotá, 1890.Google Scholar
  2. Bruycker (P. de), Les mines d’or et d’argent de la Colombe. Extrait du Bull, de la Soc. R. de la Géographie d’Anvers. Antwerp, 1888.Google Scholar
  3. Cadena (P. J.), Anales diplomäticos de Colombia. Bogota, 1878.Google Scholar
  4. Esguerra, Diccionario geográflco de los Estados Unidos de Colombia. Bogotá, 1879.Google Scholar
  5. Etienne (C. P.), Nouvelle-Grenade, apercu général sur la Colombie. Geneve, 1887.Google Scholar
  6. Hall (Col. F.), Colombia; its Present State in respect of Climate, Soil, &c. 8. Philadelphía 1871.Google Scholar
  7. Keane (A. H.), Central and South America. [In Stanford’s Compendium.] 2nd. ed, London, 1909.Google Scholar
  8. Moses (B.) Constitution of Colombia. [Translation of Text.] Philadelphia, 1898.Google Scholar
  9. Holton, Twenty Months in the Andes. New York.Google Scholar
  10. Mosquera (General), Compendio de geografia, general, politica, fisica y special de los Estados Unidos de Colombia. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  11. Nuñez (R.) and Jahay (H.), La République de Colombie, Geographie, Histoire Organisation, &c. Brussels, 1893.Google Scholar
  12. Pereira (R. S.), Les Etats-Unis de Colombie. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
  13. Peres (Felipe), Geografia general, fisica y politica de los Estados Unidos de Colombia Bogotá. 1883.Google Scholar
  14. Petre (F. L.), The Republic of Columbia. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  15. Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders, Appendix. Annual, London.Google Scholar
  16. Bestrepo Tirado (E.), Estudios sobre los Aborigenes de Colombia. Bogotá, 1892.Google Scholar
  17. Rothlisberger (E.), Eldorado: Reise-und Kulturbilde aus dem Sudamerican. Colombien. 1897.Google Scholar
  18. Scruggs (W. L.), The Colombian and Venezuelan Republics. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  19. Simons (F. A. A.), Goajira Peninsula. Proceedings of Royal Geographical Society, DecemDer, 1885.Google Scholar
  20. Simons (F A. A.), Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Proceedings of Royal Geographical Society, 1881.Google Scholar
  21. Velasco (T.), Geografía de Colombia. Bogotá. Also Colombia. [Translation from Reclus’ Nouvelle Geographie Universelle, with copious notes superadded.] Bogota, 1893, Vergara (F. J.), Nueva Geografia de Colombia. Tomo I. Bogotá, 1901.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1911

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  • J. Scott Keltie

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