• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Nicholas II., Emperor of All the Russias, born May 6 (May 18 new style), 1868, the eldest son of the Emperor Alexander III. and of Princess Dagmar (Maria Feodorovna), daughter of the late King Christian IX. of Denmark; ascended the throne at the death of his father October 20 (November 1 new style), 1891; married, November 14 (26), 1894, to Princess Alexandra Alix (Alexandra Feodorovna), daughter of Ludwig IV., Grand Duke of Hesse, born May 25 (June 6), 1872.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference Concerning Bokhara

  1. Gurzon (Hon. G.), Russia in Central Asia. 1889. [Contains ample Bibliography].—The Pamirs and the source of the Oxus. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  2. Le Messurier (Col. A.), Prom London to Bokhara, 1889.Google Scholar
  3. O’Donovan (B.), The Merv Oasis. 2 vola. London, 1889.Google Scholar
  4. Vambéry, History of Bokhara. London, 1873.Google Scholar

Books Of Reference Concerning Khiva

  1. Abbott (J.), Narrative of a Journey from Herat to Khiva. London, 1884.Google Scholar
  2. Burnaby (Col.), A Ride to Khiva. London, 1884.Google Scholar
  3. MacGahan (J. A.), Campaigning on the Oxus and the Fall of Khiva. London, 1874.Google Scholar
  4. Rechts (E.), Nouvetle Géographie universelle. L’Asie 1881.Google Scholar
  5. Rocca (F. de), De l’Ala’i à l’Amou-Daria. Paris, 1806.Google Scholar
  6. Wood (H.), The Shores of the Lahe Aral. London, 1876.Google Scholar

Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Russia. 1. Official Publications. Russian

  1. Administration: Official Messenger. By Ministry of the Interior (Daily).Google Scholar
  2. Agriculture: Annual Statement respecting Crops in Russia. By the Central Statistical Committee (Yearly).—Report on Forestry. By the General Direction of Land Organization and Agriculture.—Statistical Data, published by the General Director of State Monopolies: Tobacco Productions, Alcohol Productions, Sugar Industry.Google Scholar
  3. Finance: Vestnik Finansov. By Ministry of Finance (Weekly).—Report of the State’s Control for 1908. St. Petersburg, 1909.—Year-Book of the Ministry of Finance for 1909. St. Petersburg, 1909.Google Scholar
  4. Instruction: Report of the Min. of P.I. to H.M. for 1906. St. Petersburg, 1908. Statistical Data of Elementary Schools in the Russian Empire. Last Issue. St. Petersburg, 1908.—Data as to Agricultural Schools.—Report of Department of Mines.—Report of General Director of Military Schools.—Report of the Minister of Public Instruction.—Report of the Procurator of the Holy Synod.—These are annual publications.Google Scholar
  5. Justice: Statistics concerning Judicial Institutions. St. Petersburg, Annual.—Collection of Statistical Data concerning Criminal Affairs.—Reports on Prison Administration.Google Scholar
  6. Mines: Report of Department of Mines (Annual).Google Scholar
  7. Navy: Annual of the Ministry of the Navy.Google Scholar
  8. Population: Movement of Population in European Russia. Report of the Medical Department.-Year-Book for 1908, by the Central Statistical Committee. St. Petersburg, 1909.Google Scholar
  9. Postal and Telegraph Statistics. Annual.—Statistical Review of the Russian Railways and Internal Water Communications.—River Fleet in the Memoirs of the Statistical and Cartographical Section of the Ministry of Ways of Communication.—Monthly Publication of the Statistical and Cartographical Section of the Ministry of Ways of Communications.Google Scholar
  10. Trade: Review of the Foreign Trade of Russia for 1907. St. Petersburg, 1909.—Review of the Foreign Trade on the European Frontier for 1908. St. Petersburg, 1909.Google Scholar

French, English, &c

  1. Premier Recensement Général de la Population de l’Enipire de Russie, 1897. Livraisons 1–7. St. Petersburg, 1898—1905.—Releve General pour tout l’Empire des résultats du dépouillement des données du premier recensement de la population en 1897. St. Pétersbourg, 1905. 2 vols, in 4to.Google Scholar
  2. Marine marchande russe. Liste des bâtiments. Issued by the Department of Trade. St. Petersburg.Google Scholar
  3. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  4. Hertslet (Sir Edward), Foreign Office List. Published annually. London.Google Scholar
  5. Statistik Arsbok for Finland, utg. af Statistiska Centralhyrån. Annual. Helsingfors.Google Scholar
  6. Statesman’s Handbook for Russia. Edited by the Chancery of the Committee of Ministers. St. Petersburg.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Aitoff (D.), The Russian Empire. In Hugh Robert Mill’s International Geography. 4th ed. London. 1908.— Peuples et langues de la Russie d’après les données du premier reeensement de la population exécuté en 1897. In Annales de. Géographie. No. 79. 1906. With ethnographical map of European Russia.Google Scholar
  2. Antropoff, Financial and Statistical Atlas of the Russian Empire. St. Petersburg, 1898.Google Scholar
  3. Baedeker’s Russland. Europäisches Russland, Eisenbahnen in Russisch-Asien, Teheran, Peking. 6th ed. Leipzig, 1904.Google Scholar
  4. Bérard (V.), The Russian Empire and Czarism. [English Translation.] London, 1905.Google Scholar
  5. Banmariage (Dr. A.), La Russie d’Europe. Paris, 1903.Google Scholar
  6. Brockhaus and Efron’s Cyclopædia, Russia Present and Past. St. Petersburg, 1900. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  7. Brüggen (E. von der), Russia of To-day. [Trans, from the German.] London, 1904.Google Scholar
  8. Diakoff (A.), La Russie et les Etrangers. Bruxelles, 1903.Google Scholar
  9. Drage (G.), Russian Affairs. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  10. Foulke (W. D,), Slav or Saxon. A Study of the Growth and Tendencies of Russian Civilization. 3rd ed. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  11. Ganz (H.). The Downfall of Russia. [Eng. Trans. from the German]. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  12. Jane (F. T.), The Imperial Russian Navy. New Ed., London, 1904.Google Scholar
  13. Joubert (C.), Russia as it really is. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  14. Kleinschmidt (A.), Drei Jahrhunderte russischer Geschichte, 1598–1898. Leipzig, 1898.Google Scholar
  15. Kovalevsky (E.), l’Instruction publique en Russie. Exposition Universelle de 1905 à Liège. St. Petersburg, 1905.Google Scholar
  16. Kovalevsky (Maxime), Modern Customs and Ancient Laws of Russia. London, 1891.—Le Régime économique de la Russie. Paris, 1898. Institutions Politiques de la Russie. Parts, 1903.Google Scholar
  17. Kovalewsky (W. de), L’Agriculture en Russie. Paris, 1897,—La Russie à la Fin du XIXe Siècle. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  18. Kropotkin (P.), Memoirsof a Revolutionist. 2 vols. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  19. Lavisse (E.), Rambaud (A.), and others, Histoire Générale. Vols. X., XI. Paris, 1898–99.Google Scholar
  20. Leger (L.), Russee et Slaves. Paris, 1890.—Second Series. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  21. Leroy-Beaulieu (Anatole), L’Empire des Tsars et les Russes. 3 vols. Paris, 1882 [English translation. London, 1893–96.]—Etudes russes et européennes. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  22. Martin (R.), The Future of Russia. [Trans. from the German.] London, 1906.Google Scholar
  23. Matthaei (Fr.). Die wirthschaftlichen Hülfsquellen Russlands. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1887.Google Scholar
  24. Meakin (Annette M. B.), Russia: Travels and Studies. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  25. Meakin (Annette B.), Russia: Travels and Studies. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  26. Milioukoff (P.), Essai sur 1’Histoire de la Civilisation russe. Paris. 1901. Russia and its Crisis. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  27. Murray’s Handbook for Russia. London.Google Scholar
  28. Nevinson (H. W.), The Dawn in Russia. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  29. Norman (H.), All the Russias. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  30. Notovitch (N.), La Russie et l’Alliance Anglaise: Etude Historique et Politique. Paris, 1906.Google Scholar
  31. On (Nicholas), Historie du Développement économique de la Russie depuis l’abolition du servage, Paris, 1899.Google Scholar
  32. Palmer (F. H. E.), Russian Life in Town and Country. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  33. Perris (G. H.), Russia in Revolution. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  34. Pobyedonostseff (K. P.), Reflections of a Russian Statesman. [Eng. Trans.]. London, 1898.Google Scholar
  35. Rambaud (Alfred), Histoire de la Russie. 3rd edition. Paris [Of this there is an English translation. 3 vols. London].Google Scholar
  36. Reclus (Elisée), Géographie universelle. Tome V. L’Europe Scandinave et Russe, revised to date in 1885. VI. L’Asie Russe. Paris, 1880–81. And Appendix to the Russian translation, by MM. Beketoff, Bogdanoff, Woeikoff, and others. St. Petersburg, 1884.Google Scholar
  37. Roussanof, Article Russia in Vol. V. of the Dictionnaire de Geographie of Vivien de St. Martin and L. Rousselet. Paris.Google Scholar
  38. Samson-Himmelstierna, Russia under Alexander III. [Translation from the German. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  39. Séménoff (E.), Une Page de la Contre-Révolution Russe (Les Pogromes). Paris, 1906Google Scholar
  40. Semenoff (N. P.) The Emancipation of Peasants. Vol. I. St. Petersburg, 1889.Google Scholar
  41. Semenoff (P. P.), Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of the Russian Empire. (Russian.) 5 vols. St. Petersburg, 1863–84.Google Scholar
  42. Shierbrand (W. von), Russia: her Strength and her Weakness. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  43. Stepniak (E.), King Log and King Stork, a Study of Modern Russia. 2 vols. London,1896 —At the Dawn of a New Reign: Modern Russia. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  44. Suvorin (A.), All Russm: a Directory of Industries, Agriculture, and Administration. (With a good Railway map.) St. Petersburg, (Russian.)Google Scholar
  45. Suvorin. Russian Calendar, published in December each year.Google Scholar
  46. Thompson (A. B.). The Oil Fields of Russia and the Russian Petroleum Industry. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  47. Tikhomirov (L. A.), Russia Political and Social. [Translation from the French.] 2nd edition. 2-vols. 8. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  48. Villari (L.), Russia under the Great Shadow. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  49. Wallace (Mackenzie), Russia. New ed. 2 vols. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  50. Wittschewsky (V.), Russlands Handels-, Zoll und Industriepolitik vom Peter dem Grossen auf die Gegenwart. Berlin, 1000.Google Scholar
  51. Zepelin (General von), Die Heere und Flotten der Gegenwart, III. Russland. Berlin 1898.Google Scholar
  52. Zilliacus (Kouni), The Russian Revolutionary Movement. London 1905Google Scholar


  1. Atlas de Finlande, Maps and Text. 2 vols. Helsingfors, 1899.Google Scholar
  2. Constitution du Grand-Duché du Finlande. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  3. The Finnish Reform Bill of 1906. Helsingfors, 1906.Google Scholar
  4. Fisher (J. R.), Finland and the Tsars. New ed. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  5. Frederiksen (N. C.), Finland, its Public and Private Economy. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  6. Mechelin (L. H. S.), Finland in the Nineteenth Century. Helsingfors, 1894.Google Scholar
  7. Phibbs (Isabella M.), The Grand Duchy of Finland. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  8. Vlugt (W. van der), Le Conflit Finlandais and Pour la Finlande. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar


  1. Brandes (G.), Poland: A Study of the Land, People, and Literature. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  2. Chlebowski Slownik geograficzny Królewstwa Polskiego iinnych krajów slowianskich. 6 vols. Warsaw, 1892–90.Google Scholar
  3. Morfill (W. R.), Poland. In Story of the Nations Series. London, 1893.Google Scholar


  1. Abich (H.), Aus kaukasischen Ländern. 2 vols. 1896.Google Scholar
  2. Baddeley (J. F.), The Russian Conquest of the Caucasus. 2 vols. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  3. Déchy (M. von), Kaukasus-Reisen und Forschungen im Kaukasischen Hochgebirge. 3 vols, in 2. Berlin, 1905–7.Google Scholar
  4. Hahn (C.), Kaucasische Reisen und Studien. Leipsic, 1896.Google Scholar
  5. Merzbacher (G.), Aus den Hochregionen des Kaukasus. 2 vols Leipzig, 1901.Google Scholar
  6. Radde (G.) and others, Grundzüge der Pflanzenverbreitung im dem Kaukasusländern &c. 3 Parts. Leipzig, 1899.Google Scholar

Central Asia

  1. Cobbold (R. P.), Innermost Asia. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  2. Knight (E. F.), Where Three Empires Meet. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  3. Krafft (H.), A travers le Turkestan Russe. Paris, 1901.Google Scholar
  4. Meakin (Annette M. B.), The Russian Turkestan. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  5. Phibbs (Isabella M.), A Visit to the Russians in Central Asia. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  6. Schwarz (F. von), Turkestan. Berlin and Freiberg, 1900.Google Scholar
  7. Skrine (F. H.), The Expansion of Russia, 1815–1900. London, 1903.Google Scholar


  1. Aulagnon (C.), La Sibérie Economique. Paris, 1901.Google Scholar
  2. Beveridge (A. J.), The Russian Advance. New York, 1903.Google Scholar
  3. Deutsch (L.), Sixteen Years in Siberia [Eng. Trans, by Helen Chisholm]. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  4. Fraser (J. F.). The Real Siberia. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  5. Gerrare (Wirt), Greater Russia. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  6. Hawes (C. H.), In the Uttermost East [Sakhalin, Korea, &c.], London, 1903.Google Scholar
  7. Howard (B. D.), Life with Trans-Siberian Savages, [The Ainns of Saghalien.] 8. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  8. Keane (A. H.), Asia. Vol. I., Northern and Eastern Asia. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  9. Kennan (G.), Siberia and the Exile System. 4th ed. 2 vols. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  10. Koulomzine (A. N. de), Le Trans-Sibérien. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  11. Krahmer (—), Russland in Asien. 7 vols. Leipzig, 3899–1904.Google Scholar
  12. Krausse (A.), Russia in Asia. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  13. Kropotkin (F.), Urographie de la Siberie. Bruxelles, 1904.Google Scholar
  14. Labbé (P.), Un Bagne Russe: L’Ile de Sakhaline. Paris, 1903.Google Scholar
  15. Legras (J.), Au Pays Russe. Paris, 1896. En Sibérie. Paris, 1899.Google Scholar
  16. Patkanov (S.), Essai d’une Statistique et d’une Géographie des Peuples Palaeasiatiques do la Sibérie. St. Petersburg, 1903.Google Scholar
  17. Ronaldshay (Earl of), On the Outskirts of Empire in Asia. Edinburgh, 1904.Google Scholar
  18. Simpson (J. Y.), Side-Lights on Siberia. Edinburgh, 1898.Google Scholar
  19. Stadling (J.), Through Siberia. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  20. Swayne (H. G. C.), Through the Highlands of Siberia. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  21. Vladimir, Russia on the Pacific, and the Siberian Railway. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  22. Windt (H. de), The New Siberia. [Sakhalin and Eastern Siberia.] London, 1896.Google Scholar
  23. Wright (G. F.), Asiatic Russia. 2 vols. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  24. Yadrintsev, Siberia as a Colony. Second edition. St. Petersburg, 1892. (Russian.)Google Scholar

The Jews of Russia:—

  1. Report of the Commissioners of Immigration upon the causes which incite immigration to the United States. [The chapters on the Jews in Russia, by J. B. Weber and W. Kempster, have been translated into French and issued separately under the title ‘La Situation des Juifs en Russie.’] Washington, 1892.Google Scholar
  2. Annual Report of the Jewish Colonization Association. Paris.Google Scholar
  3. Abbott (G. F.), Israel in Europe. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  4. Baskerville (Beatrice C.), The Polish Jew. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  5. Bernheimer (C. S.), The Russian Jews in the United States. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  6. Errera (A.), The Jews in Russia: Emancipation or Extermination. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  7. Frederic (Harold), The New Exodus: a Study of Israel in Russia. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  8. Gradovsky (H. D.), La Situation légale des Israélites en Russie. Traduit du Russe. Paris, 1890. In progress.Google Scholar
  9. Pennell (Joseph), The Jew at Home. London.Google Scholar
  10. Sternberg (H.), Geschichte der Juden in Polen unter den Piasten und den Jagellione. Leipsic, 1878.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1910

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations