• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Paraguay gained its independence from Spanish rule in 1811, and after a short government by two consuls, the supreme power was seized, in 1815, by Dr. José Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, who exercised autocratic sway as dictator till his death, September 20, 1840. Dr. Francia’s reign was followed by an interregnum, which lasted till 1842, when a National Congress, meeting at the capital Asuncion, elected two nephews of the Dictator, Don Mariano Roque Alonso and Don Carlos Antonio Lopez, joint consuls of the Republic. Another Congress voted, March 13, 1844, a new Constitution, and, March 14, elected Don Carlos Antonio Lopez sole President; he was continued by another election, March 14, 1857. At the death of Don Carlos, September 10, 1862, his son, Don Francisco Solano Lopez, born 1827, succeeded to the supreme power. President Lopez, in 1864, began a dispute with the Government of Brazil, the consequence of which was the entry of a Brazilian army, united with forces of the Argentine Confederation and Uruguay, into the Republic, June 1865. After a struggle of five years, Lopez was defeated and killed at the battle of Aquidaban, March 1, 1870.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Paraguay

  1. Anuario Bstadistico de la República del Paraguay. Asuncion.Google Scholar
  2. Memoria que presenta el Directorio del Centro Comercial, &c. Annual. Asuncion.Google Scholar
  3. Mensage del Presidente de la República, presentado al Congreso Legislativodela Nacion Annual. Asuncion.Google Scholar
  4. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  5. Revue du Paraguay. Published monthly. Asuncion.Google Scholar
  6. Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual. London.Google Scholar
  7. Arosemena (J.), Constituciones Politicas de la America Meridional. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
  8. Audibert (A.), Question de Limites entre el Paraguay y Bolivia. Asuncion, 1901.Google Scholar
  9. Holland (E.), Exploraciones practicadas en el Alto Paraguay y en la Laguna Gaiba. Buenos Aires, 1901.Google Scholar
  10. Bruyssel (E. van), La Republique du Paraguay. Bruxelles, 1893.Google Scholar
  11. Decoud (H.), Geografia de la Republica del Paraguay. 5th ed. Leipzig, 1906.Google Scholar
  12. Demersay (L. A.), Histoire physique, économique et politique du Paraguay et des etablissements des Jésuites. 2 vols. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
  13. Graham (R. B. Cunningham), A Vanished Arcadia. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  14. Grubb (W. B.), Among the Indians of the Paraguayan Chaco [Missionary work], London, 1904.Google Scholar
  15. Jourdan (E. C.), Guerra do Paraguay. Rio de Janeiro, 1890.Google Scholar
  16. La Dardye (E. De B.), Paraguay: The Land and the People, Natural Wealth and Commercial Capabilities. English Edition. Edited by E. G. Ravenstein, F.R.G.S. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  17. Mangels (H.), Wirtschaftliche, naturgeschichtliche, und Klimatologische Abhandlungen aus Paraguay. München, 1904.Google Scholar
  18. Olasooaga (R. de), Paraguay. [Translation from Reclus’ ‘Geographie Universelle,’ with prolegomena and notes.] Asuncion, 1896.Google Scholar
  19. Page (Commander Thomas G.), La Plata, the Argentine Confederation, and Paraguay. Narrative of the Exploration of the Tributaries of the River La Plata and adjacent Countries during the years 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856, under the orders of the United States Government. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
  20. Trevenfeld (R. V. F.), Paraguay in Wort und Bild. Berlin, 1904.Google Scholar
  21. Vallentin (W.), Paraguay: das Land der Guaranis. Berlin, 1907.Google Scholar
  22. Washburn (Charles A.), The History of Paraguay. With notes of personal observatiors. Boston and New York, 1871.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1910

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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