• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On August 1, 1291, the men of Uri, Sehwyz, and Lower Unterwaiden, entered into a defensive League. In 1353 the League included eight members, and in 1513 thirteen. Various allied and subject territories were acquired either by single cantons or by several in common, and in 1648 the League became formally independent of the Holy Roman Empire, but no addition was made to the number of cantons till 1798. In that year, under the influence of France, the unified Helvetic Republic was formed. This failed to satisfy the Swiss, and in 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte, in the Act of Mediation, gave a new constitution and out of the lands formerly allied or subject increased the number of cantons to nineteen. In 1815 the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland and the inviolability of her territory were guaranteed by Austria, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia, and Russia, and the Federal Pact which had been drawn up at Zürich, and which included three new cantons, was accepted by the Congress of Vienna. The Pact remained in force till 1848, when a new constitution, prepared without foreign interference, was accepted by general consent. This, in turn, was, on May 29, 1874, superseded by the constitution which is now in force.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Switzerland

1. Official Publications

  1. Annuaire Statistique de la Suisse. Berne.Google Scholar
  2. Bibliographie der Schweizerischen Landeskunde. Bern In progress.Google Scholar
  3. Feuille fédérale suisse. Bern.Google Scholar
  4. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  5. Résultats provisoires du Recensement Fédéral des entreprises agricoles, industrielles, et commerciales, Aug. 9, 1905. Berne, 1906.Google Scholar
  6. Resultats du compte d’état de la Confédération suisse. Annual. Berne.Google Scholar
  7. Résultats statistiques du Recensement du 1er Décembre, 1900. 3 vols. Berne, 1904–07.Google Scholar
  8. Sammlung enthaltend die Bundesverfassung und die in Kraft Cestchenden Kantonsverfassungen (in German, French, and Italian). Bern, 1891.Google Scholar
  9. Schweizerische Statistik. Herausgegeben vom Statistischen Bureau des Eidgenöss Departments des Innern. Annual. Bern.Google Scholar
  10. Statistique du commerce de la Suisse avec l’étranger. Berne. Annual.Google Scholar
  11. Voranschlag der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft. Annual. Bern.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Adams (Sir F. O.), and Cunningham (C. D.), The Swiss Confederation. 1889.Google Scholar
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  18. James (E. J.) (Translator), The Federal Constitution of Switzerland. Philadelphia 1890.Google Scholar
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  23. Macmillan’s Guide to Switzerland. London, 1903.Google Scholar
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  25. Muyden (B. van), Histoire de la Nation Suisse. 3 vols. Lausanne, 1896–1901Google Scholar
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  27. Read (Meredith), Historie Studies in Vaud, Berne, and Savoy. 2 vols. London, 1897.Google Scholar
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  29. Richman (I. B.), Appenzell: Pure Democracy and Pastoral Life in Inner-Rhoden. London, 1895.Google Scholar
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  32. Seippel (P.) (Editor), La Suisse au XIXme Siècle. 3 vols. Lausanne, 1898–1900.Google Scholar
  33. Sowerby (J.), The Forest Cantons of Switzerland. London, 1892.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1909

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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