The Republic of Haiti, formerly a French colony, was proclaimed independent January 1, 1804, and is now governed under a Constitution of October 9, 1889. The legislative power is vested in a Chamber of the Communes of 95 members (1 for each Commune) chosen for 3 years by direct popular vote, and in a Senate of 39 members chosen for 6 years (renewed to the extent of one-third every 2 years) by the Chamber of the Communes from a list made out partly by the President and partly by the electors. The President is elected for 7 years by the two Chambers in joint session. Members of both houses are paid, representatives and senators by the month (150 dollars) during session.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Haiti
1. Official Publications
2. Non-Official Publications
- Ardouin (Beaubrun), Etudes sur l’histoire de Haïti. 10 vols. Paris, 1853–61.Google Scholar
- Fortunat (Dantés), Nouvelle géographie de l’île de Haïti. Port-au-Prince, 1888.Google Scholar
- Janvier (L. J.), Les Constitutions d’Haïti (1801–1885). Paris 1886. La République d’Haïti, 1840–82. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
- Justin (J.), Etude sur les Institutions Haïtiennes. Paris, 1894.Google Scholar
- Léger (J. N.), Haiti, Her History and Detractors. New York, 1907.Google Scholar
- Madiou (N.), Histoire de Haïti. 3 vols. Port-au-Prince, 1847.Google Scholar
- Pritchard (Hesketh), Where Black Rules White. London, 1900.Google Scholar
- St. John (Sir Spenser), Haiti, or the Black Republic. 2nd. ed. London, 1889.Google Scholar
- Tippenhauer (L. Gentil), Die Insel Haïti. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1893.Google Scholar