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Chile

República de Chile
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The Republic of Chile threw off allegiance to the Crown of Spain by the declaration of independence of September 18, 1810, finally freeing itself from Spanish rule in 1818. The Constitution voted by the representatives of the nation in 1833, with a few subsequent amendments, establishes three powers in the State—the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The legislative power is vested in the National Congress, consisting of two assemblies, called the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate is composed of 32 members popularly elected by provinces for the term of six years, in the proportion of one Senator lor every three Deputies ; while the Chamber of Deputies composed of 94 members chosen directly by departments for a period of three years, consists of one representative for every 30,000 of the population, or a fraction not less than 15,000 ; the present number of deputies was determined in 1890 on the basis of the-census results of 1885. Both bodies are chosen by the same electors. Electors must be 21 years of age, and able to read and write. The executive is exercised by the Presdent of the Republic elected for a term of five years, by indirect vote, the people nominating, by ballot, delegates who appoint the President. A retiring President is not re-eligible. In legislation the President has a modified veto ; a bill returned to the chambers with the President’s objections may, by a.two-thirds vote of the members present (a majority of the members being present), be sustained and become law. The day of a Presidential election is June 25 of the last of the five years of a Presidency, and the inauguration takes place on September 18 of the same year.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Chile

1. Official Publications

  1. Memorias presentandas al Congreso nacional por los Ministros de Estado en los departa mentos de Relaciones Exteriores, Hacienda, &c Santiago.Google Scholar
  2. Estadistica comercial de la República de Chile. Annual. Valparaiso.Google Scholar
  3. Synopsis estadistica y geográfica de Chile. Santiago, AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Reports on the trade, manufactures, agriculture of Chile in Foreign Office Reports, annual series. London.Google Scholar
  5. Statement on behalf of Chile in reply to the Argentine Report, submitted to the British Arbitration Tribunal. 6 vols. London, 1901–02.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Anrique (N.) and Silva (L. I.), Ensayo de una Bibliografía Historica i Geográfica de Chile. Santiago, 1902.Google Scholar
  2. Asta-Buruaga Francisco S.), Diccionario geográfico de la República de Chile. New ed New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  3. Ball (John), Notes of a Naturalist in South America. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  4. Harros Arana (Diego), La guerre du Pacifique. Paris, 1882.—Historia General de Chile. 16 vols. Completed, 1902. Santiago.Google Scholar
  5. Beltrán y Róspido (R.), Los Pueblos Hispano-Americanos en el Siglo XX. (1901–03) Madrid, 3904.Google Scholar
  6. Economical and Social Progress of the Republic of Chile. Santiago, 1906.Google Scholar
  7. Elliot (G. F. Scott), Chile: Its History and Development. London, 1907.Google Scholar
  8. Figarva (P. P.), Diccionario biográfico nacional, 1550–1891. Santiago, 1891.Google Scholar
  9. Gay (Claudio), Historia general de Chile.Google Scholar
  10. Guerreentre le Chili, le Pérou et Bolivie en 1879. Paris, 1879.Google Scholar
  11. Hancock (A. M.), A History of Chili. Chicago, 1893.Google Scholar
  12. Holdich (Sir T. H.), The Countries of the King’s Award. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  13. Keane (A. H.), Central and South America. [In Stanford’s Compendium.] London, 1901.Google Scholar
  14. Kunz (Hugo), Chile und die Deutschen Colonien. Leipzig, 1891.Google Scholar
  15. Mackenna (Vicuña), Obras históricas sobre Chile.Google Scholar
  16. Markham (C. R.), The War between Chile and Peru, 1879–81. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  17. Rosales (R. P. Diego de), Historia general del Reyno de Chile. 3 vols. Valparaiso, 1877–78.Google Scholar
  18. Smith (W. A.), Temperate Chile. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  19. Wright (M. R.), The Republic of Chile. London, 1905.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1909

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

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