República del Perú
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Th. Republic of Peru, formerly the most important of the Spanish Viceroyalties in South America, issued its declaration of independence July 28, 1821; but it was not till after a war, protracted till 1824, that the country gained its actual freedom from Spanish rule. The Republic is politically divided into departments, and the departments into provinces. The present Constitution, proclaimed October 16, 1856, was revised November 25, 1860. The legislative power is vested in a Senate and a House of Representatives, the latter composed of deputies of the provinces, in the proportion of one for every 30,000 inhabitants or fraction exceeding 15,000 and the former of representatives in the proportion of four senators for each department which has more than eight provinces; three for each department which has less than eight provinces and more than four; two for each department which has less than five and more than one; one for a department having only one province; and one for the littoral province of Callao. Senators must have an income of 1,000 soles (100..) a year, or belong to a scientific profession; and deputies 500 soles (50..) a year, or belong to a scientific profession. Both senators and deputies are elected by a direct vote. There are 51 senators and 116 deputies, and there are as many suplente., or substitutes, as there are members in each chamber. Every two years one-third of the members of each chamber, as decided by lot, retire. Congress meets annually on July 28, and sits for 90 days only. It may be summoned as often as necessary, but no extraordinary session may last more than 45 days.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Peru

1. Official Publications

  1. Boletin del Ministerio de Fomento Monthly, since January, 1903.Google Scholar
  2. Demareacion politica del Peru. Edicion oficial de la direccion de estadística. Fol. Lima, 1874.Google Scholar
  3. Paz Solda. (Mariano Felipe), Diccionario geográfico-estadístieo del Perú: Contiene ademas la etimologia Aymara y Quechua de las principales poblaciones, lagos, rios, cerros, &c. 8. Lima, 1879.Google Scholar
  4. Annual Official Statement of the Minister of Finance. Lima.Google Scholar
  5. Registro Official de Fomento. Lima.Google Scholar
  6. Synopsis Geograflea y Estadestica del Perú. Lima.Google Scholar
  7. Report by Sir C. Mansfield on the auriferous deposits of Peru. No. 167 of ‘Reports on Subjects of General and Commercial Importance.’ 1890.—Mines and Mining in Peru (officiai publication). 1903.Google Scholar
  8. Reports on the Trade of Peru in Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  9. Vias del Pacifico al Marañon.y al Madré de Dios. Lima, 1903.—El Istmo de Fiscarrald Lima, 1903.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Albertin. (L. E.), Pérou en 1878. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
  2. Boletin de la Sociedad Geografica de Lima. Half-yearly. Lima.—Boletin del Cuerpo de Ingenieros de Minas del Peru. Lima.Google Scholar
  3. Cisnero. (C. B.), and Garci. (R. E.), El Peru en Europa. Lima, 1900.—Geografía Comercial de la América del Sur. 3 vols. Lima.—Guiadel Caliao, Lima y sus Alrededores. Lima, 1898.—Monografía del Departamento de la Liberdad. Lima, 1900.—Monogratía geográfica, Estadistica del Departamento de Lima. [The same authors, together or separately, have published several other works on the commerce, products, and industries of Peru.]Google Scholar
  4. Clar. (E. B.), Twelve Months in Peru. 8. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  5. Crommeli. (May), Over the Andes from Chili to Peru. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  6. Enoc. (R. C.), The Andes and the Amazon: Life and Travel in Peru. London, 1907.Google Scholar
  7. Evan. (P. F.). From Peru to the Plate. 8. London, 1889.Google Scholar
  8. Fuente. (Manuel A.), Lima, or Sketches of the Capital of Peru: Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial, and Moral. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  9. Garlan. (A.), Peru in 1906. Lima, 1907.Google Scholar
  10. Grandidie. (E.), Voyage dans l’Amérique du Sud, Pérou et Bolivie. 8. Paris, 1863.Google Scholar
  11. Haënk. (T.), Descripcion del Peru. Lima, 1901.Google Scholar
  12. Higginso. (E.), Mines and Mining in Peru. Lima, 1903.Google Scholar
  13. Hil. (S. S.), Travels in Peru and Mexico. 2 vols. 8. London, 1860.Google Scholar
  14. Hutchinso. (T. J.), Two Years in Peru. 2 vols. 8. London, 1874.Google Scholar
  15. Lao. (R.), A Handbook of Peru for Investors and Immigrants. Baltimore, 1903.Google Scholar
  16. Markha. (C. R.), Travels in Peru and India. London, 1862.—Cuzco and Lima. London, 1858.—Peru. London, 18S1.—The War between Peru and Chili, 1879–81. London, 1883.— History of Peru. Chicago.Google Scholar
  17. Maurtu. (V. M.), The Question of the Pacific [on boundary disputes]. Philadelphia, 1901.Google Scholar
  18. Mendibur. (M. de), Diccionario Historico-Biografico del Peru. 8 vols. Callao, 18741890.Google Scholar
  19. Middendor. (E. W.), Peru: Beobachtungen und Studien über Das Land und Seine Bewohnern, während eines 25 Jahrigen Aufenthalts. Berlin, 1893.Google Scholar
  20. Ordinair. (Olivier), Du Pacifique à l’Atlantique par les Andes péruviennes et l’Amazone. 12. Paris, 1892.Google Scholar
  21. Paz Solda. (Mariano Felipe), Historia del Pert Independente. 3 vols.Google Scholar
  22. Plan. (A.), A travers l’Amérique Equatoriale. Paris, 1903.Google Scholar
  23. Pradier-Fodéré. (C.), Lima et ses environs. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  24. Prescot. (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Peru. London.Google Scholar
  25. Raimond. (A.), El Peru: Estudios Mineralogicos, &c. 4 vols. 1890–1902. Lima.Google Scholar
  26. René-Moren. (G.), Ultimos Dias Coloniales en el Alto Peru, 1807–1808. Santiago de Chile, 1896–98.Google Scholar
  27. Seebe. (F.), Travelling Impressions in and Notes on Peru. 2nd ed. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  28. Squie. (E. G.), Peru: Incidents of Travels and Exploration in the Land of the Incas. London, 1877.Google Scholar
  29. Stevenso. ( — ), Twenty Years in South America. 3 vols. London.Google Scholar
  30. Templ. (Edmond), Travels in various Parts of Peru. 2 vols. London, 1830.Google Scholar
  31. Tschud. (Jon. Jakob von), Reisen durch Südamerika. 5 vols. 8. Leipzig, 1866–68.Google Scholar
  32. Urse. (Comte C.d’), Sud Amérique: Séjours et voyages au Brésil, eu Bolivie, et au Pérou. 12. Paris, 1879.Google Scholar
  33. Wappaeu. (Joh. Eduard), Die Republic Peru; in Stem’s ‘Handbuch der Geographie und Statistik.’ Part III. 8. Leipzig, 1864.Google Scholar
  34. Wiene. (Charles), Pérou et Bolivie. Paris, 1880.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1908

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations