República Mexicana
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Th. present Constitution of Mexico bears date February 5, 1857, with subsequent modifications down to May 1904. By its terms Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into States —19 at the outset, but at present 27 in number, with 3 territories and the Federal District—each of which has a right to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are bound together in one body politic by fundamental and constitutional laws. The powers of the supreme Government are divided into three branches, the legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives elected by the suffrage of all respectable male adults, at the rate of one member for 40,000 inhabitants, hold their places for two years. The qualifications requisite are, to be twenty-five years of age, and a resident in the State. The Senate consists of fifty- six members, two for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are returned in the same manner as the deputies. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 3,000 dollars a year. The President is elected by electors popularly chosen in a general election, holds office for six years, and, according to an amendment of the Constitution in 1887, may be elected for consecutive terms. By the Decree, May 6, 1904, which modified Art. 72A of the constitution, the office of Vice-President was formally instituted, his election to take place in the same manner and at the same date as that of the President. The Vice-President is ex offici. President of the Senate, with a voice in the discussions but without vote. His term of office is the same as that of the President. Failing the President through absence or otherwise, the Vice-President shall discharge the functions of the President either temporarily or to the end of the period for which he was elected, as the circumstances may require. Failing both the President and the Vice-President, for whatever reason, Congress shall call for new elections to be held at once. Congress has to meet annually from April 1 to May 31, and from September 16 to December 15, and a permanent committee of both Houses sits during the recesses.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales del ministerio de fomento, colonizacion, indústria y comercio. 8. Animal. Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Anuario Estadestico de la Republica Mexicana. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  3. Boletin del ministerio de Fomento de la República Mexicana. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Boletin semestral de la estadistica de la República Mexicana, á cargo del Dr. Antonio Peñatiel. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  5. Censo General de la Republica Mexicana, Veriflcado el 20 Octubre, 1895. Mexico, 1900.Google Scholar
  6. Comercio exterior de Mexico. Monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, and annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  7. Constitution Fédérale de la Republique Mexicaine, avec ses additions et réforme.. Traduites de l’Espagnol par Ramon G. Pacheco. Mexico, 1890.Google Scholar
  8. Cuadro geografico, estadistico descriptivo é historico de los Estados Unidos Mcxicanos A. G. Cubas. Mexico, 1889.Google Scholar
  9. Datos mercantiles. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  10. Estadistica general de la República. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  11. Les États Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Par R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico, 1899.Google Scholar
  12. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. 4. Mexico.Google Scholar
  13. Mexico: Its Social Evolution. By various writers. 3 vols. Mexico, 1900–04.Google Scholar
  14. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar
  15. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Scries and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografia y estadistica dc la República Mexicana. 8. Mexico 1878–96.Google Scholar
  2. Baedeker’. United States with an Excursion into Mexico. 3d. ed. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  3. Bancrof. (H. H.) A Popular History of the Mexican People. 8. London. Resources and Development of Mexico. San Francisco, 1894.Google Scholar
  4. Bonapart. (Prince Roland), and others, Le Mexique au Début du IXXe Siècle. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  5. Brocklehurs. (T. U.), Mexico To-day. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  6. Burk. (U. R.), Life of Benito Juarez. 8. London. 1894.Google Scholar
  7. Campbel. (Rean), Complete Guide and Descriptive Book of Mexico. Chicago, 1904.Google Scholar
  8. Charna. (D.) Ancient Cities of the New World. Tr. 8. London.Google Scholar
  9. Chevalie. (Michel), Le Mexique ancien et moderne. 18. Paris, 1886.Google Scholar
  10. Conklin. (Howard), Mexico and the Mexicans. New York. 1883.Google Scholar
  11. Conklin. (A.· R.), Appleton’s Guide to Mexico. New York.Google Scholar
  12. El economista Mexicano, weekly. Mexico.Google Scholar
  13. Enrique. (R. de Zayas), Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1877–97. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  14. Flin. (H. M.), Mexico under Maximilian. 12. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
  15. Georg. (P.), Das heutige Mexico und Seine Kulturfortschritte. Jena, 1906.Google Scholar
  16. Glosso. (Lady Howard of), Journal of a Tour in Canada, the United States, and Mexico. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  17. Gooc. (F. C.). Face to Face with the Mexicans. London, 1890.Google Scholar
  18. Kozheva. (E.), Report on the Republic of Mexico. London, 1886.Google Scholar
  19. La Bédollièr. (Émile G. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique. 4. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  20. Lumholt. (C.), Unknown Mexico. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  21. Lummi. (C. F.), The Awakening of a Nation. New York, 1898.Google Scholar
  22. Marti. (P. F.), Mexico of the Twentieth Century. 2 vols. London, 1907.—Mexico’s Treasure House. London. 1906.Google Scholar
  23. Mose. (B.), Constitution of the United States of Mexico. Philadelphia, 1899.Google Scholar
  24. Pimente. (F.), Obras Completas [on Peoples, Languages, Literature, &c. of Mexico. 5 vols. Mexico, 1903–04.Google Scholar
  25. Prescot. (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico. 8. London.Google Scholar
  26. Ratze. (Fried.), Aus Mexico, Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1874–75. Breslau, 1878.Google Scholar
  27. Romer. (M.), Geographiealand Statistical Notes on Mexico. London, 1898.—Mexico and the United States. [A Study of their Relations.] Vol. I. New York, 1898.Google Scholar
  28. Routie. (G.), Le Mexique de nos Jour. Paris, 1895.Google Scholar
  29. Schies. (W.), Quer durch Mexico. Berlin 1902.Google Scholar
  30. Sierr. (J.), Mexico; Its Social Evolution. 3 vols. [Eng. Trans]. Mexico, 1905.Google Scholar
  31. Southwort. (J. R.), The Mines of Mexico. 9 vols. Mexico, 1905.—El Territorio de la Baja California. [In Spanish and English.] San Francisco, 1899.Google Scholar
  32. Tweedi. (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901.—Dorflrio Diaz. London, 1006.Google Scholar
  33. Wrigh. (Marie R.), Picturesque Mexico. Philadelphia, 1898.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1908

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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