República Mexicana
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The present Constitution of Mexico bears date February 5, 1857, with subsequent modifications down to May 1904. By its terms Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into States —19 at the outset, but at present 27 in number, with 3 territories and the Federal District—each of which has a right to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are bound together in one body politic by fundamental and constitutional laws. The powers of the supreme Government are divided into three branches, the legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives elected by the suffrage of all respectable male adults, at the rate of one member for 40,000 inhabitants, hold their places for two years. The qualifications requisite are, to be twenty-five years of age, and a resident in the State. The Senate consists of fifty-six members, two for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are returned in the same manner as the deputies. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 3,000 dollars a year. The President is elected by electors popularly chosen in a general election, holds office for six years, and, according to an amendment of the Constitution in 1887, may be elected for consecutive terms.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales del ministerio de fomento, colonización, industria y comercio. 8. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Anuario Estadestico de la Republica Mexicana. Annual. Mexico. Boletin del ministerio de Fomento de la RepÚblica Mexicana. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  3. Boletin semestral de la estadistica de la RepÚblica Mexicana, cargo del Dr. Antonio Peñafiel. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Censo General de la Republica Mexicana, Verificado el 20 Octubre. 1895. Mexico, 1900.Google Scholar
  5. Comercio exterior de Mexico. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  6. Cuadro geografico, estadístico descriptivo é histórico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. A. G. Cubas. Mexico, 1889.Google Scholar
  7. Datos mercantiles. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  8. Estadistica general de la RepÚblica. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  9. Les Etats Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Par R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico 1899.Google Scholar
  10. Memoria del Secretano del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. 4. Mexico.Google Scholar
  11. Mexico: Its Social Evolution. By various writers. 3 vols. Mexico, 1900–04.Google Scholar
  12. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar
  13. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and, Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  14. Statistique descriptive et historique des États Mexicains de Garcia Cubas. 1889.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografia y estadistica de la RepÚblica Mexicana. 8. Mexico 1878–96.Google Scholar
  2. Baedeker’s United States with an Excursion into Mexico. 3d. ed. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  3. Bancroft (H. H.) A Popular History of the Mexican People. 8. London. Resources and Development of Mexico. San Francisco, 1894.Google Scholar
  4. Bonaparte (Prince Roland), and others, Le Mexique au Début du XXpe Siècle. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  5. Brocklehurst (T. U.), Mexico To-day. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  6. Burke (U. R.), Life of Benito Juarez. 8. Loudon. 1894.Google Scholar
  7. Campbell (Rean), Complete Guide and Descriptive Book of Mexico. Chicago, 1904.Google Scholar
  8. Charnay (D.) Ancient Cities of the New World. Tr. 8. London.Google Scholar
  9. Chevalier (Michel), Le Mexique ancien et moderne. 18. Paris, 1886.Google Scholar
  10. Conkling (Howard), Mexico and the Mexicans. New York. 1883.Google Scholar
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  12. El economista Mexicano, weekly. Mexico.Google Scholar
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  18. Kozhevar (E.), Report on the Republic of Mexico. London, 1886.Google Scholar
  19. La Bédollière (Úmile G. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique. 4. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  20. Lumholtz (C), Unknown Mexico. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  21. Lummis (C. F.), The Awakening of a Nation. New York. 1898.Google Scholar
  22. Moses (B.), Constitution of the United States of Mexico. Philadelphia, 1899.Google Scholar
  23. Ober (F. A.), Travelsin Mexico. Boston, U.S., 1884.Google Scholar
  24. Pimentel (F.), Obras Completas [on Peoples, Languages, Literature, &c. of Mexico. 5 vols. Mexico, 1903–04.Google Scholar
  25. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico. 8. London.Google Scholar
  26. Ratzel (Fried.), Aus Mexico, Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1874–75. Breslau, 1878.Google Scholar
  27. Romero (M.), Geographiealand Statistical Notes on Mexico. London, 1898.—Mexico and the United States. [A Study of their Relations.] Vol. I. New York, 1898.Google Scholar
  28. Routier (G.), Le Mexique de nos Jour. Paris, 1895.Google Scholar
  29. Schiess (W.), Quer durch Mexico. Berlin 1902.Google Scholar
  30. Sierra (J.), Mexico: Its Social Evolution. 3 vols. [Eng. Trans ]. Mexico, 1905.Google Scholar
  31. Southworth (J. R.), The Mines of Mexico. 9 vols. Mexico, 1905.— El Territorio de la Baja California. [In Spanish and English.] San Francisco, 1899.Google Scholar
  32. Tweedic (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901. — borfirio Diaz. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  33. Wright (Marie R.), Picturesque Mexico. Philadelphia, 1898.Google Scholar
  34. Through the Land of the Aztecs, or Life and Travel in Mexico. By a ‘Gringo.’ London, 1892.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1907

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  • J. Scott Keltie

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