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Venezuela

Estados Unidos de Venezuela
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The Republic of Venezuela was formed in 1830, by secession from the other members of the Free State founded by Simon Bolivar within the limits of the Spanish colony of New Granada. The charter of fundamental laws actually in force, dating from 1830, and re-proclaimed, with alterations, on March 28, 1864, and April 1881, is designed on the model of the Constitution of the United States of America, but with considerably more independence secured to provincial and local government. At the head of the central executive government is the President, elected for the term of 6 years, exercising his functions through six ministers, and a Federal Council of 19 members. The Federal Council is appointed by the Congress every two years; the Council from its own members, choose a President, who is also President of the Republic. Neither the President nor members of the Federal Council can be re-elected for the following period. The President has no veto power. The legislation for the whole Republic is vested in a Congress of two Houses, called the Senate (two senators for each of the States, districts, &c.) and the House of Representatives (one to every 40,000 of population). The Senators are elected for 6 years by the Legislature of each State, and the Representatives for a like period by ‘popular, direct, and public election.’ The Congresses of States are elected by universal suffrage. There are 40 Senators and 52 Representatives. In May, 1904, a new Constitution, the 15th since the creation of the Republic, was promulgated. It contains important articles respecting the rights of foreigners in Venezuela.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Venezuela

Official Publications

  1. Respecting the Question of the Boundary of British Guiana and Venezuela: Correspondence between the Governments of Great Britain and the United States with respect to Proposals for Arbitration (United States, No. 2, 1896); Documents and Correspondence (Venezuela, No. 1, 1896); Maps to accompany Documents (Venezuela, No. 1, 1896, Appendix No. III.); Errata in “Venezuela No. I.” (Venezuela, No. 2, 1896); Further Documents (Venezuela, No. 3, 1896); Case on the Part of British Government (Venezuela, No. 1, 1899); Counter-case on the Part of British Government (Venezuela, No. 2, 1899); Argument on the Part of British Government (Venezuela, No. 3, 1899); Case. Counter-case, and Argument on the Part of Venezuela (Venezuela, Nos. 4, 5, and 6, 1899); Award of the Tribunal of Arbitration (Venezuela, No. 7, 1899). London, 1896 and 1899. Gaceta Oficial. Daily, Caracas.Google Scholar
  2. Deutsches Handels-Archiv. Monthly.Google Scholar
  3. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series. 8. London.Google Scholar
  4. Venezuela: Geographical Sketch, Natural Resources, Lews, &c. Issued by the Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar

Non-Official Publications

  1. Andrê (E.), A Naturalist in the Guianas. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  2. Appun (G. F.), Unter den Tropen. Vol. I. Venezuela. 8. Jena, 1871.Google Scholar
  3. Baudelier (A. F.), The Gilded Man. New York, 1893.Google Scholar
  4. Compendium of Geography and Travel (Stanford’s); Central and South America. Vol. I. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  5. Constitution of the United States of Venezuela (1893). Caraccas, 1898.Google Scholar
  6. Dance (C. D.), Four Years in Venezuela. 8. London, 1876.Google Scholar
  7. Dawson (T. C.), The South American Republics. Part II. New York, 1905.Google Scholar
  8. Ernst (Dr. A.), Les produits de Venezuela. 8. Bremen, 1874.Google Scholar
  9. Humboldt ( ), Personal Narrative of Travel to the Equinoctial Regions of America. 3 vols. London, 1900. Views of Nature. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  10. Macpherson (T. A.), Vocabulario historico, geographico, &c., del Estado Carabobo. 2 pts. Carácas, 1890–91. Diccionario historico, geographico, estadistico, &c., del Estado Miranda. 8. Carácas. 1891.Google Scholar
  11. Meulemans (Auguste), La république de Vénézuela. 8. Bruxelles, 1872.Google Scholar
  12. Mitré (B.), Emancipation of South America. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  13. Mombello (G. Orsi de), Venezuela y sus Riquezas. 8. Carácas, 1890.Google Scholar
  14. Mulhall (M. G.), The English in South America. Buenos Aires, 1877.Google Scholar
  15. Report of Council of Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  16. Scruggs (W. L.), The Colombian and Venezuelan Republics. 2d. ed. Boston, Mass., 1905.Google Scholar
  17. Scruggs (W. L.) and Storrow (J. J.), The Brief for Venezuela. [Boundary dispute.] London, 1896.Google Scholar
  18. Spence (J. M.), The Land of Bolivar: Adventures in Vénézuela. 2 vols. 8. London, 1878.Google Scholar
  19. Strickland (J.), Documents and Maps of the Boundary Question between Venezuela and British Guiana. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  20. Thirion (C.), Les États-Unis de Venezuela. 8. Paris, 1867.Google Scholar
  21. Tejera (Miguel), Venezuela pintoresca é ilustrada. 8. Paris, 1875.Google Scholar
  22. Tejera (Miguel), Mapa fisico y politico de los Estados Unidos de Venezuela. Paris, 1877.Google Scholar
  23. Triana (S. P.), Down the Orinoco in a Canoe. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  24. Wood (W. E.), Venezuela: Two Years on the Spanish Main. London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1906

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

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