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Rome, See and Church of

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

For many ages until Pius IX.’s reign, with some comparatively short breaks, the Roman Pontiffs bore temporal sway over a territory stretching across Mid-Italy from sea to sea and comprising an area of some 16,000 square miles, with a population finally of some 3,125,000 souls. Of this dominion the whole has been incorporated piecemeal with the Italian Kingdom (viz., Romagna, Umbria, and the Marches in 1860, and the residue, including Rome itself, in 1870), the Pope’s sovereignty thus again becoming purely spiritual. By a bill that became law May 13, 1871, there was guaranteed to His Holiness and his successors for ever, besides possession of the Vatican and Lateran palaces and the villa of Castel Gandolfo, a yearly income of 3,225,000 lire or 129,000l., which allowance (whose arrears would in 1906 amount to 116,100,000 lire, or 4,644,000l.) still remains unclaimed and unpaid.

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1906

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  • J. Scott Keltie

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