Advertisement

Congo Independent State

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

THE Congo Independent State has succeeded to the Congo International Association, founded in 1882 by Leopold II., King of the Belgians. That Association, having obtained the recognition of its sovereignty by treaties in 1884 and 1885 with most of the European nations and the United States of America, adhered, February 26, 1885, to the resolutions of the Congress of Berlin. These resolutions, collected in a “General Act,” establish freedom of trade in the basin of the Congo, and declare absolutely free the navigation of the Congo, its tributaries, and the lakes and canals connected with it; they lay down rules for the protection of the natives and the suppression of the slave trade, and impose on the Powers which signed the Act the obligation to accept the mediation of one or more friendly governments should any serious dispute occur concerning the territories of the conventional basin of the Congo. An International Conference at Brussels in 1890 authorised the Government of the Independent State to levy certain duties on imports.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference concerning the Congo State

1. Official

  1. Anglo-Congolese Convention of May 12, 1894.Google Scholar
  2. Annales du Musée du Congo (Fauna, Flora, Ethnography, Anthropology). Bruxelles, 1898, &c.Google Scholar
  3. Bulletin officiel de l’Etat Indépendant du Congo.Google Scholar
  4. Convention between Her Majesty and the King of the Belgians In the name of the International Association of the Congo. London, 1885.Google Scholar
  5. Correspondence with Her Majesty’s Ambassador at Berlin respecting West African Conference. London, 1885.Google Scholar
  6. Franco-Congolese Convention of August 14, 1894.Google Scholar
  7. General Act of the Conference held at Brussels in 1890.Google Scholar
  8. Protocols and General Act of the West African Conference. London, 1885.Google Scholar
  9. L’Etat Indépendant du Congo. Documents sur le Pays et ses Habitants. Brussels. Six illustrated books have already been published.Google Scholar
  10. Despatch to certain of His Majesty’s representatives abroad in regard to alleged cases of ill-treatment of natives, and to the existence of trade monopolies in the Independent State of the Congo. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  11. Correspondence, and Report from His Majesty’s Consul at Borna, respecting the administration of the Independent State of the Congo. London, 1904.—Further Correspondence. London, 1905.Google Scholar

2. Unofficial

  1. Bailey (H.), Travel and Adventure in the Congo Free State. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  2. Bentley (Rev. W. H.), Life on the Congo. London, 1887.—Pioneering on the Congo. 2 vols. London. 1000.Google Scholar
  3. Blanchard (G.), Formation et Constitution Politique de l’Etat Independant du Congo. Paris, 3899.Google Scholar
  4. Boulger (D. C.), The Congo State. London, 1803.Google Scholar
  5. Bourne (H. R. F.), Civilization in Congoland. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  6. Bula N’Zau.—Travel and Adventures in the Congo Free State. 8. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  7. Iiuls (C.) Croquis Congolais. Bruxelles, 1899.Google Scholar
  8. Burdo (A.), Les Belges dans l’Afrique centrale. 6 vols. 4. Brussels. 1891.Google Scholar
  9. Burrows (G.), The Land of the Pigmies. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  10. Burrows (G.) and Canisius (E.), The Curse of Central Africa. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  11. Cattier (F.), Droit et Administration de l’Etat Indépendant du Congo. Bruxelles, 1898.Google Scholar
  12. Catticr (F.), Etude sur la situation de l’Etat Indépendant du Congo. Bruxelles, 1906.Google Scholar
  13. Ghapaux (A.) Le Congo historique, diplomatique et colonial. Bruxelles, 1894.Google Scholar
  14. Coquilhat (C.), Sur le Haut-Congo. Paris, 1888.Google Scholar
  15. Deken (C. de), Deux Ans au Congo. Bruxelles, 1901.Google Scholar
  16. Descamps (Baron E.), L’Afrique Nouvelle. Bruxelles, 1903. Also English Translation. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  17. Bonny (Général), Manuel du Voyageur et du Résident au Congo. 3 vols. and supplement. Brussels, 1900–01.Google Scholar
  18. Dormait (M. R. P.), Journal of a Tour in the Congo Free State. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  19. Dupont (E.), Le Congo. Brussels, 1889.Google Scholar
  20. Glave (E. G.), Six Years of Adventure in Congoland. 8. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  21. Godelieve (Marie), Six ans au Congo. Bruxelles, 1898.Google Scholar
  22. Hinde (S. L.), The Fall of the Congo Arabs. London 1897.Google Scholar
  23. leannest, Quatre années au Congo. Brussels, 1889.Google Scholar
  24. The Colonisation of Africa. Cambridge, 1899.Google Scholar
  25. Johnston (Sir H. H.), The River Congo. Loudon, 1895.Google Scholar
  26. Keltie (J. Scott), The Partition of Africa. 2nd Edition. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  27. La Belgique Coloniale. Brussels, weekly.Google Scholar
  28. La Tribune Congolaise. Antwerp, weekly.Google Scholar
  29. La Vérité sur le Congo. Periodical. Brussels, weekly.Google Scholar
  30. Le Congo. Brussels, weekly.Google Scholar
  31. Le Congo Illustré. Bruxelles, 1892–95.Google Scholar
  32. Le maire (C. F. A.), Congo et Belgique. 4. Bruxelles, 1894. Au Congo, comment les noirs travaillent. Bruxelles, 1895.Google Scholar
  33. Le Mouvement Géographique. Brussels, weekly.Google Scholar
  34. Lloyd (A. B.), In Dwarf and Cannibal Country. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  35. Lycops (A.), Codes Congolais et Lois usuels en vigueur au Congo Bruxelles, 1900.Google Scholar
  36. Mahieu, Le Telegraphe et le Telephone au Congo, 1901.Google Scholar
  37. Mandat-Grancey (Baron E. de), Au Congo, 1898. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  38. Mille (P.), Au Congo Belge. Paris, 1809.Google Scholar
  39. Morel (E. D.), Affairs of West Africa. London, 1902.—King Leopold’s Rule in Africa. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  40. Ortroy (F. Van), Conventions Internationales concernant l’Afrique. Brussels, 1898.Google Scholar
  41. Pechuel-Loesche (Dr.), Kongoland. Jena, 1887.Google Scholar
  42. Picard (E.), En Congohe. Bruxelles, 1897.Google Scholar
  43. Pierantoni (R.), Le Congres de Berlin et 1’Etat Independant du Congo. Bruxelles, 1901.Google Scholar
  44. Poskin (A.), Bilans Congolais. Bruxelles, 1900.Google Scholar
  45. Reclus (E.), Nouvelle géographie universelle. Vol. XIII. Paris, 1888.Google Scholar
  46. Stanley (H. M.), The Congo and the Founding of its Free State. 2 vols. London, 1885.Google Scholar
  47. Stanley (H. M.), Through the Dark Continent. 2 vols. London, 1878.Google Scholar
  48. The Truth about the Civilisation in Congoland. By A Belgian. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  49. Trottet (L.), Le Chemin de Ferdu Congo. Brussels, 1898.Google Scholar
  50. Van Mocsel, Etude sur la législature de l’Etat Indépendant du Congo.Google Scholar
  51. Ward (H.), Five Years with the Congo Cannibals. London, 1890.Google Scholar
  52. Wauters (A. J.), L Etat Independant du Congo. Brussels, 1890.—Bibliographie du Congo (1880–95). Brussels, 1896.—De Bruxelles à Karema. Bruxelles, 1901.Google Scholar
  53. White (A. Silva), The Development of Africa. London, 1890.Google Scholar
  54. Wildeman (E. de), Les Plantes Tropicales de Grande Culture. Bruxelles, 1002.Google Scholar
  55. Wildeman (E. de), et Gentil (L.), Lianes caoutchoutiféres de l’Etat Indépendant du Congo. Brussels, 1903.Google Scholar
  56. Wissmann (H.) Im Innern Afrikas. Berlin, 1888.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1906

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations