Advertisement

Korea

Ch‘ao-Hsien, or Chosen, or Dai Han
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

the reigning monarch, whose surname is Yi and name fleui, succeeded his predecessor—now known under his posthumous title of Ch‘yelchyong—in 1864. On October 15, 1897, he assumed the title of Emperor. He is reckoned as the thirtieth in succession since the founding of the present dynasty in 1392; but four of the so-called Kings were Crown Princes who never ascended the throne. Up to July, 1894, when war was declared by Japan against China, the monarchy, which is hereditary, was practically absolute. The constitution, the penal code, and the system of official administration were framed on the Chinese model, except that the government was in the hands of a hereditary aristocracy, exclusive and corrupt. Since early times Korea had acknowledged the suzerainty of China, a suzerainty which was denied by Japan and which was one of the alleged causes of the war between China and Japan, 1894. By the treaty of Shimonoseki, May, 1895, China renounced her claim, and under Japanese influence, with the aid of money borrowed from Japan, many reforms were introduced, such as the payment of taxes in money instead of in kind; fixed salaries for government officials; a reduction in the number of useless hangers on, and an effort towards order in the departments of State. There exists, however, a strong reactionary tendency, especially in the Household Department, and various abuses have recently revived. The Russo-Japanese war which broke out in February, 1904, has, so far, resulted in a great increase in Japanese influence in the affairs of Korea.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference concerning Korea

  1. Foreign Office Reports on the Trade of Korea. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  2. Bibliographie Coreenne. 3 vols. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  3. Description of Korea (in Russian). Compiled at the Office of the Minister of Finance. 3 vols. St. Petersburg, 1900.Google Scholar
  4. Bishop (Mrs. Isabella), Korea and her Neighbours. 2 vols. London, 1898.Google Scholar
  5. Brandt (M. von), Ostasiatische Fragen. Leipzic, 1897.Google Scholar
  6. Campbell (C. W.), Report of a Journey in North Corea. Blue Book. China No. 2. 1891.Google Scholar
  7. Cavendish (A. E. J.) and Goold-Adams (H. E.), Korea and the Sacred White Mountain. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  8. Courant (M.), Bibliographie Coréenne. 3 vols. Paris, 1896.Google Scholar
  9. Culin (Stewart), Korean Games. 4. Philadelphia, 1895.Google Scholar
  10. Curzon (G. N.), Problems of the Far East. New ed. 8. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  11. Dallet, Histoire de l’église de Corée. 2 vols. Paris, 1874. [This work contains much accurate information concerning the old political and social life, geography, and language of Corea].Google Scholar
  12. Gale (J. S.), Korean Sketches. Edinburgh, 1898.Google Scholar
  13. Grifis (W. E.), Corea: the Hermit Nation. 7th ed. New York and London, 1904.Google Scholar
  14. Gundry (R. S.), China and Her Neighbours. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  15. Hamel (Hendrik), Relation du Naufrage d’un Vaisseau Holandols, &c, traduite du Flamand par M. Minutoli. 12. Paris, 1670. [This contains the earliest European account of Korea. An English translation from the French is given in Vol. IV. of A. and J. Churchill’s Collection, fol., London, 1744, and in Vol. VII. of Pinkerton’s Collection. 4, London, 1811].Google Scholar
  16. Hamilton (Angus), Korea. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  17. Hatch. (E. P. G.), Far Eastern Impressions. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  18. Korea Review. Published monthly. Seoul.Google Scholar
  19. Laguérie (V. de), La Corée, Independante, Russe, ou Japonnaise. Paris, 1898.Google Scholar
  20. Landor (H. S.), Corea, the Land of the Morning Calm. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  21. Lowell (P.). Chosön: the Land of Morning Calm. London.Google Scholar
  22. Miln (L. J.), Quaint Korea. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  23. Oppert (E.), A Forbidden Land. London, 1880.Google Scholar
  24. Tayler (C. J. D.), Koreans at Home. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  25. Vautier (C.) et Frandin (H.), En Corée. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  26. Whigham (H. J.), Manchuria and Korea. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  27. Wilkinson (W. H.), the Corean Government: Constitutional Changes in Corea during the Period July 23, 1894—June 30, 1896. 4. Shanghai, 1896.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1905

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations