Rome, see and Church of

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Italian’ statuto fondamentale del Regno’ enacts, in its first article, that ‘the Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman religion is the sole religion of the State.’ By the Royal decree of Oct. 9, 1870, which declared that ‘Rome and the Roman Provinces shall constitute an integral part of the Kingdom of Italy,’ the Pope or Roman Pontiff was acknowledged supreme head of the Church, preserving his former rank and dignity as a sovereign prince. Furthermore, by a bill that became law May 13, 1871, there was guaranteed to His Holiness and his successors for ever, besides possession of the Vatican and Lateran palaces and the villa of Castel Gandolfo, a yearly income of 3,225,000 lire or 129,000l., which allowance (whose arrears would in 1904 amount to 109,650,000 lire, or 4,386,000l.) still remains unclaimed and unpaid.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Gerarchia Cattolica. Annual. Rome.Google Scholar
  2. Beauffort (Count de), Histoire de l’Invasion des Etats Pontificaux et du Siège de Rome, 1870. Paris, 1874.Google Scholar
  3. Chandlery, S. J. (P. J.), Pilgrim-Walks in Koine. New York and London, 1903.Google Scholar
  4. Gregorovius (F.), Die Grabdenkmäler der Päpste. 2nd remodelled edition. Leipzig, 1881.Google Scholar
  5. O’Clery (P. K.), The Making of Italy, 1856–1870. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  6. Pastor (L.), History of the Popes. 6 vols. London, 1898.Google Scholar
  7. Pennington (A. R.), Italy. [In ‘National Churches’ series]. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  8. Ranke (L. v.), Die römischen Päpste in den letzten vier Jahrhunderten. 3 vols. 7th ed., 1878.Google Scholar
  9. Tuker (M. A. R.), and Malleson (H.), Handbook to Christian and Ecclesiastical Rome. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  10. Witte (Baron J. de), Rome et l’Italie sous Léon XIII. Paris, 1892. See also under Italy.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1904

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations