República Mexicana
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The present Constitution of Mexico bears date February 5, 1857, with subsequent modifications down to May 1896. By its terms Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into States —19 at the outset, but at present 27 in number, with 2 territories and the Federal District—each of which has a right to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are bound together in one body politic by fundamental and constitutional laws. The powers of the supreme Government are divided into three branches, the legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives elected by the suffrage of all respectable male adults, at the rate of one member for 40,000 inhabitants, hold their places for two years. The qualifications requisite are, to be twenty-five years of age, and a resident in the State. The Senate consists of fifty-six members, two for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are returned in the same manner as the deputies. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 3,000 dollars a year. The President is elected by electors popularly chosen in a general election, holds office for four years, and, according to an amendment of the Constitution in 1887, may be elected for consecutive terms. Failing the President through absence or otherwise, whether the disability be temporary or permanent, Congress has power to elect an acting-president who shall discharge the functions of President temporarily or, if necessary, to the end of the constitutional period. Congress has to meet annually from April 1 to May 30, and from September 16 to December 15, and a permanent committee of both Houses sits during the recesses.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales del ministerio de fomento, colonization, indústria y comercio. S. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Anuario Estadestico de la Republica Mexicana. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  3. Boletin del ministerio de fomento de la República Mexicana. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Boletin semestral de la estadistica de la República Mexicana, á cargo del Dr. Antonio Peñafiel. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  5. Censo General do la Republica Mexicana, Verificado el 20 Octubre, 1895. Mexico, 1900.Google Scholar
  6. Comercio exterior de Mexico. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  7. Cuadro geografico, estadistico descriptivo é historico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. A. G. Cubas. Mexico, 1889.Google Scholar
  8. Datos mercantiles. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  9. Estadistica general de la República, Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  10. Les États Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Par R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico, 1899.Google Scholar
  11. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. 4. Mexico.Google Scholar
  12. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1900.Google Scholar
  13. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Report on Cotton Manufacturing Industry in Mexico, in Miscellaneous Series. 8. London.Google Scholar
  14. Statistique descriptive et historique des Etats Mexicains de Garcia Cubas. 1889.Google Scholar
  15. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. 4. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografía y estadistica de la República Mexicana. 8. Mexico 1878–96.Google Scholar
  2. Bancroft (H. H.) A Popular History of the Mexican People. 8. London. Resources and Development of Mexico. San Francisco, 1894.Google Scholar
  3. Brocklehurst (T. U.), Mexico To-day. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  4. Burke (U. R.), Life of Benito Juarez. 8. London. 1894.Google Scholar
  5. Castro (Lorenzo), The Republic of Mexico in 1882. New York, 1882.Google Scholar
  6. Charnay (D.) Ancient Cities of the New World. Tr. 8. London.Google Scholar
  7. Chevalier (Michel), Le Mexique ancien et moderne. 18. Paris, 1886.Google Scholar
  8. Conkling (Howard), Mexico and the Mexicans. New York, 1883.Google Scholar
  9. Conkling (A. R.), Appleton’s Guide to Mexico. New York, 1890.Google Scholar
  10. El economista Mexicano, weekly. Mexico.Google Scholar
  11. Enriquez (R. de Zayas), Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1877–97. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  12. Flint (H. M.), Mexico under Maximilian. 12. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
  13. Glossop (Lady Howard of), Journal of a Tour in Canada, the United States, and Mexico London, 1897.Google Scholar
  14. Gooch (F. C.), Face to Face with the Mexicans. London, 1890.Google Scholar
  15. Griffin (S. B.), Mexico of To-day. New York, 1886.Google Scholar
  16. Hamilton (L. L. C.), Hamilton’s Mexican Handbook. London, 1884.Google Scholar
  17. Kozhevar (E.), Report on the Republic of Mexico. London, 1886.Google Scholar
  18. La Bédolliere (Emile G. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique. 4. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  19. Lumholtz (C.), Unknown Mexico. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  20. Lummis (C. F.), The Awakening of a Nation. New York. 1898.Google Scholar
  21. Moses (B.), Constitution of the United States or Mexico. Philadelphia, 1899.Google Scholar
  22. Ober (F. A.), Travels in Mexico. Boston, U.S., 1884.Google Scholar
  23. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico. 8. London.Google Scholar
  24. Ratzel (Fried.), Aus Mexico, Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1874–75. Breslau, 1878.Google Scholar
  25. Romero (M.), Geographical and Statistical Notes on Mexico. London, 1898.—Mexico and the United States. [A Study of their Relations.] Vol. I. New York, 1898.Google Scholar
  26. Routier (G.). Le Mexique de nos Jours. Paris, 1895.Google Scholar
  27. Schiess (W.), Quer durch Mexico. Berlin, 1902.Google Scholar
  28. Scobel (A.), Die Verkehrswege Mexicos und ihre wirtschaftliche Bedeutung. In ‘Deutsche Geographische Blätter.’ Band X., Heft 1. Bremen, 1887.Google Scholar
  29. Tweedie (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London. 1901.Google Scholar
  30. Wright (Marie R.), Picturesque Mexico. Philadelphia, 1898.Google Scholar
  31. Through the Land of the Aztecs, or Life and Travel in Mexico. By a ‘Gringo.’ London, 1892.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1904

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

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