The Republic of Paraguay gained its independence from Spanish rule in 1811, and after a short government by two consuls, the supreme power was seized, in 1815, by Dr. José Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, who exercised autocratic sway as Dictator, till his death, Sept. 20,1840. According to the constitution framed by him, representative institutions exist in the form of a National Congress of several hundred members, which, however, is to a certain extent subject to the head of the State. The latter, called President of the Republic, exercises the chief legislative and executive authority, and is commander-in-chief of the troops, as well as head of the Church, the law, and every other branch of the Government.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Paraguay
1. Official Publications
- Demersay (L. A.), Ilistoire physique, économique et politique du Paraguay et des établissements des Jésuites. 2 vols. 8. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
- Du Graty (Alfred), La République de Paraguay. 8. Bruxelles, 1865.Google Scholar
- Kxpilly (Charles) Le Brésil, Bueno3-Ayres, Montevideo, et le Paraguay devant la civilisation. 8. 157 pp. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
- Mansfield (Charles), Paraguay, Brazil, and the Plate. New edition. By the Rev. Charles Kingsley. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
- Maserman (G. F.), Seren Eventful Years in Paraguay. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar
- Mulhall (Michael G.), The Cotton Fields of Paraguay and Corrientes: being an account of a tour through these countries, preceded by annals of cotton- planting in the River Plato territories from 1862 to 1861. 4. Buenos Ayres, 1866.Google Scholar
- Powell (David), The Republic of Paraguay. In ‘Vacation Tourists and Notes of Travel.’ Edited by Francis Galton. 8. London, 1864.Google Scholar
- Page (Commander Thomas G.), La Piati, the Argentine Confederation, and Paraguay. Narrative of the Exploration of the Tributaries of the River La Plata and adjacent countries during the years 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856, under the orders of the United States Government. New ed. 8. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
- Quentin (Charles) Le Paraguay. 8. Pp. 104. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
- Thompson (George), The Paraguayan War; with sketches of the history of Paraguay, and of the manners aud customs of the people. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar
- Tschudi (Joh. Jak. v.), Reisen durch Südamerika. 2 vols. 8. Leipzig, 1866.Google Scholar