Republica Mexicana
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The constitution of Mexico, in force up to the conquest of the country by the troops of the Emperor of the French, suspended by the latter in 1863, but re-established in 1867, bears date October 4, 1824. By the terms of it Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into nineteen States, each of which is permitted to manage it own local affairs, while the whole are cemented together in one body politic by fundamental and constituent laws. The powers of the supreme government are divided into three branches—legislative, executive, and judiciary. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives, and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives, elected by each State at the rate of one member for 80,000 inhabitants, hold their places for two years. The qualifications requisite are, twenty-five years ‘age, and eight years’ residence in the State. The Senate consists of two members for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are elected by a plurality of votes in the State Congress. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 2,000 dollars a year. The president and vice-president are elected by the Congress of the States, hold office for four years, and cannot be re-elected for four years after. Congress has to meet annually from January 1 to April 15, and a council of Government, consisting of the vice-president and half the Senate, sits during the recesses of Congress. The city of Mexico is the seat of government. The legislatures of each of the nineteen States are similar to that of the republic.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales del Minesterio de fomento, colonizacion, industria y eomercio. 8. Mexico, 1865–66.Google Scholar
  2. Comercio exterior de Mexico. Fol. Mexico. 1866.Google Scholar
  3. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de hacienda. Fol. Mexico, 1865.Google Scholar
  4. Report by Mr. R. T. C. Middleton, H. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Trade, Industry, Finances, and Population of the Mexican Empire, dated Aug. 12, 1865; in’Reports of II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. XI. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  5. Report by R. T. C. Middleton, on the Financial position of Mexico, dated February 25, 1867; in ‘Reports by H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. V. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  6. Reports by Mr. R. T. C. Middleton, on tho Mines and Mineral Districts, and on tho Sulphnr Deposits of Mexico, dated July 10 and December 31, 1806; in ‘Reports by H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ Nos. I. and II. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  7. Report by Mr. E. T. C. Middleton, on the Silver Mines of Guanaxuato, dated November 29, 1867; in ’ Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. I. 1868. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  8. Reports by Mr. C. Moye, U. S. Consul at Chihuahua, dated Juno 3, 1867, Mr. I. B. Elmer, U. S. Consul at Li Paz, dated Sept. 30, 1867, and of Mr. F. Chase, U. S. Consul-General at Tampico, dated June 30, 1867, on the commerce, agriculture, and mining industry of Mexico; in ‘Commercial Relations of the United States with Foreign Nations’ 8. Washington, 1868.Google Scholar
  9. Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  10. Message of the President of the United States of March 20, 1866, relating to the Condition of Affairs in Mexico, in answer to a resolution of theHouse of Representatives, of Dec. 11, 1865. 8. Washington, 1866.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Alamari (Lucas), Ilistoria de Mexico. 5 vols. 8. Mexico, 1849–65.Google Scholar
  2. Berrà (Orco), Geografia de las lenguas de Mejico. 8. Mexico, 1861.Google Scholar
  3. Chevalier (Michel), Lo Mexique ancien et moderne. 18. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  4. Domenech (Emmanuel), Le Mexique tel qu’il est. La vérité sur son climat, ses habitants et son gouvernement. 12. Paris,. 1866.Google Scholar
  5. Egloffétcin (Baron F.W. von), Contributions to the Geology andthe Physical Geography of Mexico; with Profiles of some of tho principal Mining Districts. 8. New York, 1865.Google Scholar
  6. Flint (H. M.), Mexico under Maximilian. 12. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
  7. Hauslah (Frz. v.), Ueber die Bodengestaltung in Mexico und deren Einfluss auf Verkehr und militärischen Angriff -und Verteidigung. With Maps and Plates. 8. Vienna, 1865.Google Scholar
  8. Laécdollière (Emile G. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique. 4. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  9. Maillefert (Eugenio), Dircctorio del comerio del impercio mexicano para el ano de 1866, primer ano. 8. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  10. Müller (J. W.), Reisen in den Vereinigten Staaten, Canada und Mexico. 3, vols. 8. Leipzig, 1865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Thomas (N.), Notice sur. les principales productions du Mexique. 8. Paris, 1868.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1870

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

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