The federative republic of Colombia, officially styled the United States of Colombia, was formed by the Convention of Bogota, concluded Sept. 20, 1801, by the representatives of nine states previously a part of New Granada. A constitution, bearing date May 8, 1863, vests the executive authority in a president elected for two years, while the legislative power rests with a Congress of two Houses, called the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate, numbering 27 members, is composed of representatives of the nine states, each deputing three senators; the House of Representatives, numbering 66 members, is elected by universal suffrage, each State forming a constituency and returning one member for 50,000 inhabitants, and a second for every additional 20,000. Besides the central government thus created, each of the nine states has its own legislature and chief executive officer, the latter called Governor in all except Panama, which gives him the title of President.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Colombia
1. Official Publications
- Report by Mr. Bunch, H. M.’s Chargé d’Affaires, ‘on the Financial Condition of the United States of Colombia,’ dated Bogota, May 11, 1868; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. V. 1868. London, 1868.Google Scholar
- Reports by Mr. Little, U. S. Consul at Panama, and Mr. Pellet,U. S. Commercial Agent at Sabanilla, on the Shipping, Trade, and Industry of the States of Colombia, dated December 1866 and October 1867; in ‘Commercial Relations of the United States with Foreign Nations.’ 8. ‘Washington, 1868.Google Scholar
- Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. fol. London, 1868.Google Scholar
- Annual statement of the Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. 4. London, 1869.Google Scholar
2. Non-Official Publications
- Hassaurek (F.), Four Years among Spanish Americans. 12. New York 1867.Google Scholar
- Marr (N.), Reise nach Centraiamerika. 2 vols. 8. Hamburg, 1863.Google Scholar
- Mosquera (General), Compendio de geografia general politica, fisica y special dos Statos Unidos de Colombia. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
- Powhs (J.), New Granada: its internal resources. 8. London, 1863.Google Scholar
- Restrepo (S.), Historia de la revolución de Colombia. 10 vols. 8. Paris, 1837.Google Scholar
- Samper (M.), Ensayo sobre las revoluciones políticas y la condicion de las repúblicas Colombianas. 8. Paris, 1861.Google Scholar
- Zeltner (A. de), La Ville et le port de Panama. 8. Paris, 1868.Google Scholar