• Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The republic of Switzerland, formerly a league of semi-independent states, or ‘Staatenbund,’ has become a united confederacy, or ‘Bundesstaat,’ since-the year 1848. The present constitution, product of a short civil war, bears date September 12, 1848. It vests the supreme legislative and executive authority in a parliament of two chambers, a ‘Stiinderath,’ or State Council, and a ‘Nationalrath,’ or National Council. The first is composed of forty-four members, chosen by the twenty-two cantons of the Confederation, two for each canton. The ‘Nationalrath’ consists of 128 representatives of the Swiss people, chosen in direct election, at the rate of one deputy for every 20,000 souls. Thus, on the basis of the general census of 1860—in force till the declaration of the census of 1870—the cantons are represented as follows in the National Council:—


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Switzerland

1. Official Publications

  1. Schweizerische Statistik. Herausgegeben vom Statistischen Bureau des Eidgenöss. Departements des Innern. 4. Bern, 1869.Google Scholar
  2. Schweizerische Statistik, Bevolkerun. Eidgenössische Volkszählung vom 10. Dec. 1860. 4. Bern, 1862.Google Scholar
  3. Statistique de la Suisse. Commerce de la France avec la Suisse pendant les onze années 1851–1861. 4. Bern, 1863.Google Scholar
  4. Waarenverkehr der Schweiz mit besonderer Berucksichtigung auf den Zollverein und Oesterreich. 4. Bern, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Reports by Mr. Burnley, H. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Trade, Industry, Agriculture, Finance, and Popular Education of Switzerland, dated Juno 29, and Dec. 28, 1863, and June 20, 1864; in ‘Reports by H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VII. London, 1864.Google Scholar
  6. Reports by Mr. Rumbold, H. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Finances of Switzerland; dated May, 1866, and Feb., 1867; in ‘Reports by H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ Nos. I. and IV. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  7. Report by Mr. Rumbold, H. M.’s Secretary of Embassy, ‘on the Trade and Industry of Switzerland, during the five years 1863 to 1868, ’ dated December, 1868; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. II. 1869. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  8. Report by Mr. Consul Mackenzie, ‘on tho Trado and Commerce of the Cantons of Switzerland,’ dated Geneva, July 24, 1868; in ‘Commercial Reports received at tho Foreign Office.’ No. XI., 1868 London, 1S68.Google Scholar
  9. Reports by M. A. L. Wolff, U. S. Consul at Basel, dated July 16, 1867, and Mr. C. A. Page, U. S. Consul at Zurich, dated December 31, 1867, on the Trido and Industry of Switzerland; in. Consul at Zurich, dated December 31, 1867, on the Trido and Industry of Switzerland; in ’ Commercial Relations of the United States with Foreign Nations.’ 8. Washington, 1868.Google Scholar
  10. Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. Fol. London, 1868.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Berlepsch (H.A.) Schweizerkundo: Land, Volk, und Staat. 8. Brannschweig, 1864.Google Scholar
  2. Gisi (Dr. Wilh.) Bevölkerungsstatistik der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft und ihrer Kantone. 8. Aarau, 1868.Google Scholar
  3. Ilodlcr (J.), Allgemeine Grundsätze des natürlichen Staatsrechts mit vergleichender Berücksichtigung der Schweizerischen Bundesverfassung und der Berner Cantonsverfassung. 8. Bern, 1865.Google Scholar
  4. Kolb (G. Fr.), Beiträge zur Statistik der Industrie und des Handels der Schweiz. 8. Zurich, 1859.Google Scholar
  5. Stifft (A. von), Culturstudien. Kunst- und Reisebriefe aus der Schweiz und Deutschland. 2 vols. 8. Berlin, 1865.Google Scholar
  6. Zeitschrift für Schweizerische Statistik. Herausgegeben von der Schweizerischen Statistischen Gesellschaft, under Mitwirkung des eidgenössischen Statistischen Bureaus. 8. Bern, 1865–69.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1870

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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