• Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The form of government of the Chinese empire is strictly patriarchal. The sovereign called ‘Ta-hwang-li,’ or the Great Emperor, is regarded as the father of his people, and has unlimited power over all his subjects. The fundamental laws of the empire are laid down in the first of the ‘Four Books’ of Confucius, which prescribe the government of the State to be based upon the government of the family.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning China

1. Official Publications

  1. China Directory for 1868. Ninth Annual Publication. Hong Kong, 1868.Google Scholar
  2. Report by Lieutenant-Colonel Neale on British Trade at the nine new Ports opened to Commerce by the Treaty of Tientsin of 1858, and by the subsequent Convention of Peking of October 24, 1860, dated December 20, 1861; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No V. London, 1862.Google Scholar
  3. Commercial Reports from H. M’s Consuls in China 1862–61. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  4. Commercial Reports from H. M. M.’s Consuls in China and Siam. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Commercial Reports from H. M.’s Consuls in China, Japan, and Siam, 1865. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  6. Annual Statement of the Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries. 4. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  7. Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. Fol. London, 1868.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Abel (C), Arbeiten der Kaiserlich Russischen Gesandschaft zu Peking uber China, sein Volk, seine Religion. Aus dem Russischen. 2 vols. 8. Berlin, 1858.Google Scholar
  2. Chinese Topography, being an Alphabetical List of the Provinces, Departments, and Districts in the Chinese Empire, with their Latitudes and Longitudes. Canton, 1814. Reprinted in 1864.Google Scholar
  3. Courcy (Marquis de), L’Empire du milieu, description geographique, precis historique, institutions sociales, religieuses, politiques, notions sur les sciences, les arts, l’industrie et le commerce. 8. Paris, 1867.Google Scholar
  4. Dennys (N. B.) and Mayers (W. T.), China and Japan: a Complete Guide to the Open Ports of those Countries; together with Peking, Yeddo, Hongkong, and Macao. 8. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  5. Gützlaff (C. F. A.), China Opened; or a Display of the Topography, History, Customs, Manners, Arts, Manufactures, Commerce, andc. of the Chinese Empire. 2 vols. 8. London, 1838.Google Scholar
  6. Hanspach (Rev. A.), Report for the Years 1863 and 1864 of the Chinese Vernacular Schools, established in the Sinon, Kiuslien, Fayuen, and Chonglok districts of the Quangtung province. 8. Hongkong, 1865.Google Scholar
  7. Lautre (Comte d’Escayrac de), Memoires sur le Chine: Gouvernement. 4. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar
  8. Oliphant (Oscar), China; a popular history. 8. London, 1857.Google Scholar
  9. Osborn (Capt. Sherard), Past and Future of British Relations in China. 8. London, 1860.Google Scholar
  10. Pallu (Lieutenant Leopold), Relation de l’Expedition de Chine en 1860, redigee d’apres les documents officiels, avee l’autorisation de M. le Comte de Chasseloup-Laubat, Ministre de la Marine. 4. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar
  11. Riondot (N.), Etude pratique du commerce d’exportation de la Chine, par Isidore Hedde. Ed Renard, A. Haussmann et N. Rondot, delegues commereiaux en Chine, revue et completee par N. Rondot. 4. Paris, 1848.Google Scholar
  12. Sacharoff (T.), The Numerical Relations of the Population of China during the Four Thousand Years of its Historical Existence; or, the Rise and Fall of the Chinese Population. Translated into English by the Rev. W. Lobscheid. Also, the Chronology of the Chinese, from the Mythological Times up to the present Rules. 8. Hongkong, 1865.Google Scholar
  13. Topography of China and Neighbouring States, with Degrees of Longitude and Latitude. 8. Hongkong, 1864.Google Scholar
  14. Wells (S. Williams), The Chinese Commercial Guide, containing Treatise, Tariffs, Regulations, Tables, andc., useful in the trade to China and Eastern Asia. Fifth ed. 8. Hongkong, 1863.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1869

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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