The form of government of Peru is republican, all power being held to emanate from the people. The constitution is modelled on that of the United States, the legislative power being vested in a Senate and a House of Representatives, the former composed of deputies of the provinces—two for each province—and the latter of representatives elected by the electoral colleges of provinces and parishes. The parochial electoral colleges consist of all the citizens resident in a parish, for every 200 of whom an elector is nominated; in every village with an amount of population entitling it to name an elector, a municipal body is established, subject to the approbation of the departmental ‘juntas.’ The electoral colleges of provinces are composed of parochial delegates, who elect deputies to congress in the proportion of 1 for every 20,000 inhabitants. The provinces, however, in which the whole population does not come up to 10,000, may nevertheless send a deputy. In the session of 1866, the Senate was composed of 36 members, and the House of Representatives of 86 members.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Peru.
1. Officiai. Publications.
- Anales de la dictadura. Coleccion de documentos oficiales do la jefetur» suprema del Coronel Mariano I. Prado. Entregas 1–15. Lima, 1866–8.Google Scholar
- Reglamento de comercio do la República del Perú. 4. Lima, 1864.Google Scholar
- Report by Mr. Middleton, H. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Public Revenue and Expenditure of Peru, dated February 25, 1867; in ‘Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ Ño. V. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
- Report of Mr. Consul Cocks on the Trade of Peru for 1863, in. Consul Cocks on the Trade of Peru for 1863, in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Offico.’ 8. London, 1864.Google Scholar
- Report of Mr. Consul Cocks on tho Trade of Peru for 1864, in. Consul Cocks on tho Trade of Peru for 1864, in ’ Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
- Report of Mr. Consul Wilthow on tho Trade of Peru for 1865, in. Consul Wilthow on tho Trade of Peru for 1865, in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
2. Non-Official Publications.
- Cabello (Pedro M.), Guia politica eclesiástica y militar del Perú, para el año de 1868. 12. Lima, 1868.Google Scholar
- Grandidier (E.), Voyage dans l’Amérique du Sud, Pérou et Bolivie. 8. Paris, 1863.Google Scholar
- Fuentes (Manuel A.), Lima, or Sketches of the Capital of Peru: Historical, Statistical, Administrativo, Commercial, and Moral. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
- Hilll (S. S.), Travels in Peru and Mexico. 2 vols. 8. London, 1860.Google Scholar
- Menende (D. Baldomero), Manuel de geografia y estadística del Perú. 12. Paris, 1862.Google Scholar
- Paz-Soldan (D. Mateo) Geografia del Perú. 8. Paris, 1863.Google Scholar