The constitution of Mexico, in force up to the conquest of the. country by the troops of the Emperor of the French, suspended by the latter in 1863, but re-established in 1867, bears date October 4, 1824. By the terms of it Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into nineteen States, each of which is permitted to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are cemented together in one body politic by fundamental and constituent laws. The powers of the supreme government are divided into three branches—legislative, executive, and judiciary. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives, and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives, elected by each State at the rate of one member for 80,000 inhabitants, hold their places for two years. The qualifications requisite are, twenty-five years’ age, and eight years’ residence in the State. The Senate consists of two members for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are elected by a plurality of votes in the State Congress. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 2,000 dollars a year. The president and vice-president are elected by the Congress of the States, hold office for four years, and cannot be re-elected for four years after. Congress has to meet annually from January 1 to April 15, and a council of Government, consisting of the vice-president and half the Senate, sits during the recesses of Congress. The city of Mexico is the seat of government. The legislatures of each of the nineteen States are similar to that of the republic.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico.
- Anales del Minesterio de fomento, colonizacion, industria y comercio. 8. Mexico, 1865–66.Google Scholar
- Comercio exterior de Mexico. Fol. Mexico. 1866. Memoria del Secretario del despacho do hacienda. Fol. Mexico, 1865. Report by Mr. R. T. C. Middleton, II. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Trade, Industry, Finances, and Population of tlio Mexican Empire, dated Aug. 12, 1865; in ‘Reports of II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. XI. London, 1866.Google Scholar
- Report by R. T. C. Middleton, on tho Financial position of Mexico, dated February 25, 1867; in ‘Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. V. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
- Reports by Mr. R. T. C. Middleton, on tho Mines and Mineral Districts, and on the Sulphur Deposits of Mexico, dated July 10 and December 31, 1866; in Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ Nos. I. and II. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
- Report by Mr. R. T. C. Middleton, on the Silver Mines of Guanaxnato, dated November 29, 1867; in ‘Reports by ILM.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. I. 1868. London, 186S. Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. London, 1868.Google Scholar
- Merigo of tho President of tho United States of March 20, 1866, relating to the Condition of Affairs in Mexico, in answer to a resolution of tkollouso of Representatives, of Dec. II, I860. 8, I860. 8. Washington, 1866.Google Scholar
2. Non-Official Publications.
- Almanaque mexicano y directorio del comercio al uso del imperio mexicano. Segundo año. 8. Taris, 1867.Google Scholar
- Chevalier (Michel), Lo Mexique ancien et moderne. 18. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
- Domcnreh (Emmanuel), Le Mexique tel qu’il est. La viriti sur son climat, ses habitants et son gouvernement. 12. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
- Egloffòtcin (Baron F. W. von). Contributions to the Geology and the Physical Geography of Mexico; with Profiles of some of the principal Minino Districts. 8. New York, 1865.Google Scholar
- Flint (II. M.), Mexico under Maximilian. 12. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
- liauslab (Frz. v.)Ueber die Bodengestaltung in Mexico und deren Einfluss auf Verkehr und militärischen Angriff und Vertheidigung. With Maps and Plates. 8. Vienna, 1865.Google Scholar
- Hullcr (J. TV.), liehen in dea Vereinigten Staaten, Canada und Mexico. 3 vols. 8. Leipzig, 1865.Google Scholar