• Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The republic of Switzerland, formerly a league of semi-independent states, or ‘Staatenbund,’ has become a united confederacy, or ‘Bnndesstaat,’ since the year 1848. The present constitution, product of a short civil war, bears date September 12, 1848. It vests the supreme legislative and executive authority in a parliament of two chambers, a ‘Ständerath,’ or State Council, and a ‘Nationalrath,’ or National Council. The first is composed of forty-four members, chosen by the twenty-two cantons of the Confederation, two for each canton. The ‘Nationalratli ’ consists of 128 representatives of the Swiss people, chosen in direct election, at the rate of one deputy for every 20,000 souls. Thus, on the basis of the general census of 1860—in force till the next census of 1870—the cantons are represented as follows in the National Council:—


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Statistical and other Boobs of Reference concerning Switzerland.

1. Orncial PcmrcAnoxs.

  1. Schweizerische Statistik. Heransgegeben vom Statistischen Bureau des Eidgenöss. Departements des Innern. 4. Bern, 18G8.Google Scholar
  2. Schweizerische Statistik. Bevölkerung. Eidgenössische Volkszählung vom 10. Dec. 1860, 4. Bern, 1862.Google Scholar
  3. Statistique de la Suisse. Commerce de la France avec la Suisse pendant les onze années 1851–1861. 4. Bern, 1803.Google Scholar
  4. Waarenverkehr der Schweiz mit besonderer Berücksichtigung auf den Zollverein und Oesterreich. 4. Bern, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Reports by Mr. Burnley, II. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Trade, Industry, Agriculture, Finance, and Popular Education of Switzerland, dated June 20, and Dec. 28, 1863, and June 20, 1861; in ‘Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VII. London, 1864.Google Scholar
  6. Reports by Mr. Rumbold, II. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Finances of Switzerland; dated May, 1866, and Feb., 1867; in ‘Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ Nos. I. and IV. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  7. Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. Fol. London, 1868.Google Scholar

2. Nox-Official Publications.

  1. Ganz (Dr. Karl), Bericht über die Ergebnisse der durch die regierangsräth- liche Fabrikcommission im J. 1860 vorgenommenen Inspectionen der sämmt- lichen Fabriken des Cantons Zürich. 8. Winterthur, 1861.Google Scholar
  2. Ihdler (J.), Allgemeine Grundsätze des natürlichen Staatsrechts mit vergleichender Berücksichtigung der Schweizerischen Bundesverfassung und der Berner Cantonsverfassung. 8. Bern, 1805.Google Scholar
  3. Kolb (G. Fr.), Beiträge zur Statistik der Industrie und des Handels der Schweiz. 8. Zürich, 1859.Google Scholar
  4. Stifft (A. von). Culturstudien. Kunst- und Reisebriefe aus der Schweiz und Deutschland. 2 vols. 8. Berlin, 1865.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1869

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

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