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Switzerland

  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The republic of Switzerland, formerly a league of semi-independent states, or ‘Staatenbund,’ has become a united confederacy, or ‘Bundesstaat,’ since the year 1848. The present constitution, product of a short civil war, bears date September 12, 1848. It vests the supreme legislative and executive authority in a parliament of two chambers, a ‘Ständeratli,’ or State Council, and a ‘Nationalrath,’ or Federal Council. The first is composed of forty-four members, chosen by the twenty-two cantons of the Confederation, two for each canton. The ‘Nationalrath ‘consists of 128 representatives of the Swiss people, chosen in dinect election, at the rate of one deputy for every 20,000 soul3. Thus, on the basis of the general census of 1800—in force till the next census of 1870—the cantons are represented as follows in the Federal Council:—

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Switzerland

1. Official Pcbucatioxs

  1. Schweizerische Statistik. Herausgegeben vom Statistischen Bureau des Eidgenöss. Departements des Innern. 4. Bern, 18G5.Google Scholar
  2. Schweizerische Statistik. Bevölkerung. Eidgenössische Volkszählung vom 10. Dec. I860. 4. Bern, 1862.Google Scholar
  3. Statistique de la Suisse. Commerce de la France avec la Suisse pendant les onze années 1851–1861. 4. Bern, 1863.Google Scholar
  4. Waarenvcrkehr der Schweiz mit besonderer Berücksichtigung auf den Zollverein und Oesterreich. 4. Bern, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Reports by Mr. Burnley, II. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Trade, Industry, Agriculture, Finance, and Popular Education of Switzerland, dated June 29, and Dec. 28, 1863, and June 20, 1864; in ‘Reports by H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VII. London, 1864.Google Scholar
  6. Reports by Mr. Rumbold, II. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Finances of Switzerland; dated May, 1866, and Feb., 1867; in ‘Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ Nos. I. and IV. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar

2. Nox-Official Publications

  1. Ganz (Dr. Karl), Bericht über die Ergebnisse der durch die regierungsräth- liche Fabrikcommis.-ion im J. 1860 vorgenommenen Inspektionen der sammt- lichen Fabriken des Cantons Zürich. 8. “Winterthur, 1861.Google Scholar
  2. Hodler (J.), Allgemeine Grundsätze des natürlichen Staatsrechts mit vergleichender Berücksichtigung der Schweizerischen Bundesverfassung und der Berner Canton s Verfassung. 8. Bern, 1865.Google Scholar
  3. Kolb (G. Fr.), Beitrage zur Statistik der Industrie und des Handels der Schweiz. 8. Zurich, 1859.Google Scholar
  4. Stifft (A. von). Culturstudien. Kunst- und Reisebriefe aus der Schweiz und Deutschland. 2 vols. 8. Berlin, 1865.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1868

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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