• Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Alexander II., Emperor of Russia, born April 17 (April 29 new style), 1818, the eldest son of Emperor Nicholas I. and of Princess Charlotte of Prussia; educated, under the supervision of his father, by General Moerder, a learned German, and the Russian poet Joukowski; entered the army, 1831; nominated colonel in the regiment of grenadiers, 1835; chancellor of the university of Helsingfors, Finland, 1837; travelled in Germany, 1840–41; superintendent of the military schools of the empire, 1849; appointed to a command in the Caucasian army, 1850. Succeeded to the throne, at the death of his father, February 18 (March 2), 1855; crowned at Moscow, August 26 (September 7), 1856. Married, April 16 (April 28), 1841, to


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Russia

1. Official Publications

  1. Materials for a Statistik of the. Empire of Russia. Published, under the sanction of His Majesty, by the Statistical Department of the Ministry of the Interior (Russian). 8. St. Petersburg, 1803–05.Google Scholar
  2. Report by Mr. Lumley, II. V’s Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade of Russia with Central Asia; dated Januaiy, 1862; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. V. London, 1862.Google Scholar
  3. Report by Mr. Lumley, II. M.’s Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade and Manufacture of Cotton in Russia, dated January, 1865; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VIII. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  4. Report by Mr. Consul Crowe on the Trade and Commerce of the grand-duchy of Finland; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ London. 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Report by Colonel Stanton on the Trade and Commerce of the kingdom of Poland for the years 1862 and 1863; in ‘Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ London, 1865.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Atkinson (T. W.), Travels in the Regions of the Upper and Lower Amoor and the Russian acquisitions on the confines of India and China. 8. London. 1860.Google Scholar
  2. Bacr (K. E. von), and Ildmerscn (Gr. von), Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Russischen Reichs. 17 vols. 8. St. Petersburg, 1852–60.Google Scholar
  3. Brix (Prem.-Lieut.), Die K. Russische Armee in ihrem Bestände, ihrer Organisation, Ausrüstung u. Stärke im Kriege u. Frieden am 1. Jan. 1863. 4. Berlin, 1864.Google Scholar
  4. Buschcn (A. von), Bevölkerung des Russischen Kaiserreichs in den wichtigsten statistischen Verhältnissen. 8. Gotha, 1862.Google Scholar
  5. Custine (Marquis do), La Russie en 1839. 4 vols. 8. Paris, 1843.Google Scholar
  6. Vede (J.), Der Handel des Russischen Reichs. 8. Mitau, 1844.Google Scholar
  7. Golovine (Ivan), Études et Essais: Richesse de la Russie, Economie privée, Economie hospitalière. 8. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar
  8. Gurowsm (De), Russia and its People. 8. London, 1854.Google Scholar
  9. Hagcnmcister (Jul. von), Mémoire sur le Commerce des Ports de la Nouvelle Russie. 8. Odessa, 1835.Google Scholar
  10. Haxthausen (A. von), Studien über die innern Zustände, das Volksleben u. s. w. Russlands. 3 vols. 8. Berlin, 1847–52.Google Scholar
  11. Hill (S. S.), Travels on the Shores of the Baltic. 8. London, 1854.Google Scholar
  12. Koppen (Dr. Peter von), Statistische Reise in Russland.- 8. St. Petersburg, 1844.Google Scholar
  13. Künast (Reg.-R.), Statistische Mittheilungen über Littauen und Masuren. 3 vols. 8. Gumbinnen, 1863.Google Scholar
  14. Mélanges Russes, tirées du bulletin de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg. 2 vols. 8. St. Petersburg, 1865.Google Scholar
  15. PeUholdt (Alex.), Reise im Westlichen und • Südliehen Europäischen Russland im J. 1855. 8. Leipzig, 1860.Google Scholar
  16. Porochine (Victor de), Les Ressources Matérielles de la Russie. 8. Paris. 1865.Google Scholar
  17. Ravenstein (E. G.), The Russians on the Amur; its Discovery, Conquest, and Colonisation. 8. London, 1861.Google Scholar
  18. Rein (G.), Statiskteckning af Storfurstendömet Finland. 8. Helsingfors, 1860.Google Scholar
  19. TegoborsM (L. de), Etudes sur les Forces Productives de la Russie. 3 vols. 8. Paris, 1852.Google Scholar
  20. Valilchanof (Capt.), and Vcniukof(Qi.) the Russians in Central Asia. Translated by J. and R. Micheli. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  21. Wolfsohn (Dr. Willi.), Russische Revue: Zeitschrift zur Kunde des geistigen Lebens in Russland. VI. IV. Jahrgang 1865. 8. Leipzig, 1865.Google Scholar
  22. Wolowske (L.), Les F nances de la Russie, réponse à quelques publicistes russes, avec les documents officiels. 8. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1866

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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