How does soft power work? What is the relationship between hard power and soft power? What is the relationship between the sources of soft power and the actual practice of soft power? What, then, does it mean to increase soft power as a foreign policy? These are the key questions on soft power that have been hotly debated ever since Nye coined the term “soft power” in a 1990 publication.1 The questions are interrelated, often complicated and conflated.


Foreign Policy International Relation Productive Power World Politics Asian Development Bank 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Sook Jong Lee and Jan Melissen 2011

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  • Yong Wook Lee

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