HIV/AIDS Governance in China: International-Domestic Nexus

  • Lai-Ha Chan
Part of the Palgrave Series on Asian Governance book series (PSAG)


The previous chapter illustrated how China has gradually integrated itself into the global health regime. This chapter will examine empirical evidence to analyze the Chinese government’s policy and actions aimed at protecting its citizens from the HIV/AIDS epidemic. With an appearance of participation, Beijing seems to act in a way that is more positive and proactive in global health governance. However, one might wonder whether this amiable integration into the global health regime can positively improve its domestic HIV/AIDS governance. With one-fifth of the earth’s population living inside China’s borders, as well as China’s integration with the rest of the world continuing apace, China’s health situation can certainly exert a global impact, as discussed in chapter 1. Therefore, how China tackles its HIV/AIDS crisis is crucial not only for itself but also for the rest of the world. In other words, there is an intimate relationship between China’s domestic health governance and its global health governance. The purpose of this chapter is to investigate China’s response to its HIV/AIDS outbreak.


Chinese Government Migrant Worker Henan Province Global Fund National Basketball Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 3.
    Lee-Nah Hsu, Governance and HIV/AIDS (Bangkok: UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Program, 2000); and UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Program, Introducing Governance into HIV/AIDS Programs: People’s Republic of China, Lao PDR and Viet Nam (Bangkok: UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Program).Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Bates Gill, J. Stephen Morrison, and Drew Thompson, Defusing China’s Time Bomb: Sustaining the Momentum of China’s HIV/AIDS Response (Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2004), 12.Google Scholar
  3. 28.
    Zunyou Wu, Sheena G Sullivan, Yu Wang, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, and Roger Detels, “Evolution of China’s Response to HIV/AIDS,” The Lancet 369, no. 9562 (February 24, 2007): 679–90; Maggie Fox, “China Praised by Researchers for its AIDS Efforts,” Reuters News, February 23, 2007; and “China Should be Praised for Recent Response to HIV/AIDS, Report Says,” Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, February 26, 2007. The quotation is from Maggie Fox, “China praised by researchers for its AIDS effort.”CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 29.
    Zunyou Wu, Sheena G Sullivan, Yu Wang, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, and Roger Detels, “Evolution of China’s Response to HIV/AIDS,” The Lancet 369, no. 9562 (February 24, 2007): 687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 36.
    J. Stephen Morrison and Bate Gill, Averting a Full-Blown HIV/AIDS Epidemic in China (Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2003), 7.Google Scholar
  6. 44.
    Wang Longde, ed., Review: 20 Years’ Cooperation between China and the World Bank in Health (Beijing: China Financial and Economic Publishing House, 2004), 316.Google Scholar
  7. 53.
    Anne-Marie Slaughter, “The Real New World Order,” Foreign Affairs 76, no. 5 (1997): 183–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Slaughter, A New World Order (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2004).Google Scholar
  9. 65.
    John Gerard Ruggie, “Reconstituting the Global Public Domain-Issues, Actors, and Practices,” European Journal of International Relations 10, no. 4 (2004): 499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 66.
    One of the strategies used by civil society organizations is to embarrass transnational firms by linking their business revenue to moral issues in developing countries. For example, at the 2002 Barcelona AIDS conference, AIDS activists highlighted that Coca-Cola had one of the largest distribution networks in Africa with concomitant responsibility toward its employees in the continent. Subsequently, Coca-Cola was “forced” to provide antiretroviral treatment to all of its employees in Africa. According to a global economic survey, 16 percent of firms worldwide have provided their employees with information about risks and responses to HIV/AIDS; 10 percent have offered preventive programs; and 5 percent have provided antiretroviral treatment to their employees. See Ruggie, “Reconstituting the Global Public Domain,” 499–531; Ruggie, “The Theory and Practice of Learning Networks: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Global Compact,” The Journal of Corporate Citizenship, Spring 2002: 27–36; and Ruggie, “Global_governance. net: The Global Compact as Learning Network,” Global Governance 7, no. 4 (2001): 371–78.Google Scholar
  11. 77.
    Sheridan Prasso, “Magic, Yao and the NBA take on AIDS,” Business & AIDS 1, no. 2 (2004): 20–25.Google Scholar
  12. 89.
    Gao Yaojie, Yiwan fengxin [Ten Thousand Letters] (Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 2004)Google Scholar
  13. Gao, Zhongguo aizibing tiaocha [The Investigation of AIDS in China] (Guangxi: Guangxi shifan daxue chubanshe, 2005)Google Scholar
  14. Gao, Zhongguo aizibing huo [China’s HIV/AIDS Disaster] (Hong Kong: Tiandi tushu, 2008)Google Scholar
  15. Gao, Gao Jie de linghun [The Soul of Gao Yaojie] (Hong Kong: Mingpao chubanshe, 2009).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Lai-Ha Chan 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lai-Ha Chan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations