The Reconstruction in Afghanistan: The Indian and Chinese Contribution

  • Gulshan Sachdeva
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series


Afghanistan has witnessed diverse projects of nation building and sociopolitical transformation in the recent decades. The Soviet project of building communism in Afghanistan resulted in over 1 million dead and 5 million Afghan refugees, mainly in the neighborhood. Similarly, when Pakistan pushed the conservative Taliban regime in Afghanistan, the world faced disastrous consequences, including 9/11. The current international project of building democracy and market economy is mandated by the United Nations and being implemented mainly by the Western alliance led by the United States. So far, this endeavor has produced mixed results. Apart from installing a democratic government, the country has made significant achievements in infrastructure, education, and the economy in the last eight years. After reaching record levels in 2007, opium cultivation and production have somewhat stabilized at moderate levels in the last two years. Although the alliance has had significant successes in many areas, the Taliban insurgency is gaining strength in some parts of the country and security situation has deteriorated. There is also an alarming rise in suicide bombings. Most analysts believe that there is a need to rethink the present strategy.2


World Trade Organization Security Council Regional Cooperation Ring Road Indian Government 
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Copyright information

© Marlène Laruelle, Jean-François Huchet, Sébastien Peyrouse, and Bayram Balci 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gulshan Sachdeva

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