Advertisement

Abstract

Humanity officially won the battle against one of the world’s most dreaded microbial killers on May 8, 1980. Meeting in Geneva, the assembled representatives to the World Health Assembly (WH A), the World Health Organization’s (WHO) decision-making body, accepted the report of a commission of eminent scientists about international efforts to eradicate smallpox. Twenty-two years after the erstwhile Soviet Union first proposed that WHO commit itself to the complete elimination of smallpox, three years after the diagnosis of the last-known natural case of smallpox, and nearly two years after the world’s last-known death from smallpox,1 WHA resolution WHA33.3 “declare[d] solemnly that the world and its peoples have won freedom from smallpox, which was a most devastating disease sweeping in epidemic form through many countries since earliest time, leaving death, blindness and disfigurement in its wake and which only a decade ago was rampant in Africa, Asia and South America.”2

Keywords

Public Good International Community Avian Influenza Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

  1. William H. McNeill, Plagues and Peoples (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1998), 120–122.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Amy L. Fairchild, Ronald Bayer, and James Colgrove, Searching Eyes: Privacy, the State, and Disease Surveillance in America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007), 1.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Inge Kaul, Isabelle Grunberg, and Marc A. Stern, “Defining Global Public Goods”, in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century, eds. Inge Kaul, Isabelle Grunberg, and Marc A. Stern (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 2–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 8.
    David P. Fidler, “Microbialpolitik: Infectious Diseases and International Relations”, American University International Law Review 14 (1998): 8.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    Peter D. Baldwin, Disease and Democracy: The Industrialized World Responds to AIDS (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005), 8.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    Michel Foucault, “The Politics of Health in the Eighteenth Century”, in The Essential Foucault: Selection from the Essential Works of Foucault 1954–2984, eds. Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose (New York: New Press, 2003), 340–341.Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    John J. Hall and Richard Taylor, “Health for All Beyond 2000: The Demise of the Alma-Ata Declaration and Primary Health Care in Developing Countries”, Medical Journal of Australia 178 (2003): 17–20.Google Scholar
  8. 15.
    Eric Mack, “The World Health Organization’s New International Health Regulations: Incursion on State Sovereignty and 111-Fated Response to Global Health Issues”, Chicago Journal of International Law 7 (2006): 365–377.Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    Scott Barrett, “Eradication Versus Control: The Economics of Global Infectious Disease Policies”, Bulletin of the World Health Organization 82 (2004): 683.Google Scholar
  10. 17.
    K.D. Patterson, “Yellow Fever Epidemics and Mortality in the United States, 1693–1905”, Social Science and Medicine 34 (1992): 855–865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Jeremy Youde 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeremy Youde

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations