Advertisement

Language Transition(s): School Responses to Recent Changes in Language Choice in a Northern Dene Community (Canada)

  • Dagmar Jung
  • Mark Klein
  • Sabine Stoll
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Minority Languages and Communities book series (PSMLC)

Abstract

This chapter presents the efforts of two Dene Sųłiné communities in Northern Saskatchewan and their respective schools to keep the aboriginal language vital in the face of growing bilingualism between Dene and English. The Dene transitional immersion program is introduced, as well as community reactions to its implementation at school. The changing language ecologies of the communities and especially the young generation are discussed, mentioning youth language and code-mixing as part of current language choice.

Keywords

Dene Sųłiné Language maintenance Bilingual immersion programs Culture Literacy education Canada 

References

  1. Cottrell, M., & Pelletier, T. (2014). La Loche Dene language instruction: Community consultation draft report, northern lights school division. SELU: University of Saskatchewan.Google Scholar
  2. Field, M. (2009). Changing Navajo language ideologies and changing language use. In P. V. Kroskrity & M. C. Field (Eds.), Native American language ideologies: Beliefs, practices and struggles in Indian Country (pp. 31–47). Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
  3. Goddard, I. (1996). Native languages and language families of North America. In I. Goddard (Ed.), Handbook of North American Indians, Languages (Vol. 17). Washington: Smithsonian Institute.Google Scholar
  4. Krashen, S. (1991). Sheltered subject matter teaching. Cross Currents, 18, 183–188.Google Scholar
  5. Krashen, S. (1999, May 6). Bilingual education: Arguments for and (bogus) arguments against. Georgetown roundtable on language and linguistics.Google Scholar
  6. Langlois, S., & Turner, A. (2014). Aboriginal languages and selected vitality indicators in 2011. Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 89-655-X—No. 001.Google Scholar
  7. Meek, B. A. (2007). Respecting the language of elders: Ideological shift and linguistic discontinuity in a northern Athapascan community. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 17(1), 23–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Meek, B. A. (2010). We are our language: An ethnography of language revitalization in a northern Athabaskan community. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
  9. Morales, G., Gawne, L., & Wigglesworth, G. (2015). Bilingual education in Australian aboriginal communities: The forty years of the Yirrkala step model. In Presentation at the 4th International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation (ICLDC). http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25384
  10. Moran, S., Schikowski, R., Pajović, D., Hysi, C., & Stoll, S. (2016). The ACQDIV database: Min(d)ing the ambient language. In N. Calzolari (Conference Chair), K. Choukri, T. Declerck, S. Goggi, M. Grobelnik, B. Maegaard, J. Mariani, H. Mazo, A. Moreno, J. Odijk & S. Piperidis (Eds.), Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2016) (pp. 4423–4429). Paris: European Language Resources Association (ELRA).Google Scholar
  11. Muysken, P. C. (2007). Mixed codes. In P. Auer & L. Wei (Eds.), Handbook of multilingualism and multilingual communication (pp. 303–328). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  12. Schaengold, C. (2004). Bilingual Navajo: Mixed codes, bilingualism, and language maintenance (Doctoral dissertation). The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
  13. Statistics Canada. (2012). Aboriginal languages in Canada. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-X2011003. Ottawa. Census in brief series. 2011 Census.Google Scholar
  14. Stoll, S., Zakharko, T., Moran, S., Schikowski, R., & Bickel, B. (2015). Syntactic mixing across generations in an environment of community-wide bilingualism. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(82). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00082.
  15. Tetu, D., & Bouvier, R. (2012). Clearwater River Dene School: A school effectiveness and Dene transitional-immersion program review. SELU: University of Saskatchewan.Google Scholar
  16. Wiens, J. (2014). Code-switching and language ideology in a Northern Dene community (M.A. thesis). University of Regina.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dagmar Jung
    • 1
  • Mark Klein
    • 2
  • Sabine Stoll
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Clearwater River Dene SchoolClearwater RiverCanada

Personalised recommendations