Commerce, Culture, and Community: African Brazilian Women Negotiating Their Social Economies

  • Tiffany Y. Boyd-Adams
Part of the Perspectives from Social Economics book series (PSE)


This chapter examines key routes of empowerment through which Afro-Brazilian women participate in order to gain social and economic control.

Afro-Brazilian women often participate in traditional and non-traditional industries that include cultural tourism in order to create and maintain environments of security and power. My study investigates the black women of Bahia, Brazil, as cultural archetypes of race and nation and their relationship to tourism. Despite the racial inequities and the misogynistic societal limits of women in the public space, Afro-Bahian women create agency through their community activism and take advantage of the momentum generated by the multifaceted wheels of tourism.

Works Cited

  1. Collins, Patricia Hill. 2000. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1993. Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color. Stanford Law Review 43: 1241+.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. da Silva, Benedita. 1997. An Afro-Brazilian Woman’s Story of Politics and Love. Trans. Medea Benjamin and Maisa Mendonca. Oakland: Food First Books.Google Scholar
  4. Du Bois, W.E.B. 1903. The Souls of Black Folk. New York: Signet Classic.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 1907. Economic Co-operation Among Negro Americans. Atlanta: The Atlanta University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Fernandes, Gustavo. 2015. Brazilian Female Labor Market: Racial-skin Color Discrimination and Inefficiency. Economia Aplicada 19: 241–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Healy, S. 2009. Economies, Alternative. In International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, ed. R. Kitchinand and N. Thrift, vol. 3, 338–344. Oxford: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. King-Calnek, Judith. 2006. Education for Citzenship: Interethnic Pedagogy and Formal Education at Escola Criativa Olodum. The Urban Review 38: 145–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mattos, Romulo Costa. 2013. Shantytown Dwellers’ Resistance in Brazil’s First Republic (1890 1930): Fighting for the Right of the Poor to Reside in the City of Rio de Janeiro. International Labor and Working Class History 83: 54–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Perry, Keisha-Khan. 2005. Revitalizing Salvador: Race, Gender, Black Women and Community Organizing in Brazil. PhD Dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.Google Scholar
  11. Romo, Anadelia A. 2010. Brazil’s Living Museum: Race, Reform, and Tradition in Bahia. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  12. Selka, Stephen. 2007. Religion and the Politics of Ethnic Identity in Bahia Brazil. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. ———. 2008. The Sisterhood of Boa Morte in Brazil: Harmonious Mixture, Black Resistance, and the Politics of Religious Practice. The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology 13: 79–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Smith, Valerie. 2002. The Sisterhood of Nossa Senhora Da Boa Morte and the Brotherhood of Nossa Senhora Do Rosario: African Brazilian Cultural Adaptations to Antebellum Restrictions. Afro-Hispanic Review 21: 121.Google Scholar
  15. Taylor, Joan Chatfield. 2004, February 22. Dance of Life to Honor Death. New Yorker. Accessed 5 June 2016.
  16. Telles, Edward E. 2004. Race in Another America: The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Terrell, Mary Church. 1904. The Progress of Colored Women. Accessed 19 May 2016.
  18. Tosta, Antônio Luciano. 2010. Resistance and Citzenship in the Songs of the Ilê Aiyê and Olodum. Afro-Hispanic Review 29: 175–119.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiffany Y. Boyd-Adams
    • 1
  1. 1.ACA, English and Humanities DivisionCentral Piedmont Community CollegeCharlotteUSA

Personalised recommendations