One Child, Only Hope? No More: The Evolution of China’s Population Control Policy and Its Impact on Parenting and Childcare

  • Guangyu TanEmail author


This chapter begins with a historical overview of China’s family planning policies, including the One-Child Policy, and the Universal Two-Child Policy, elucidating the historical, social, and political context of the implementation. It discusses the effects of the family planning policies on human capital investment and parent–child relationship. This chapter further explores how parenting philosophy, expectations, and practices have changed in response to globalization. It concludes with the findings from the current empirical case study.


China’s family planning policies The One-Child Policy The Universal Two-Child Policy Human capital investment Parenting philosophy Case study 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of EducationState University of New York at FredoniaFredoniaUSA

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