Mapping the Criminological and Penological Landscape

  • Margaret Fitzgerald O’Reilly


This chapter explains and analyses various different criminological perspectives relevant in the context of this book. Theories such as control, governance, exclusion, and desistance are examined as applicable to the ex-offender scenario. An examination of existing literature on such perspectives is used to illustrate the nature of the legal rules and principles that invoke criminal records, explain the social and political influences that have effected changes in this area, and assess the implications of this having regard to concepts such as labelling, citizenship, and the legal principle of proportionality.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret Fitzgerald O’Reilly
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LimerickLimerickIreland

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