Green Innovation Based on Ma Thinking: The Lessons of the Japanese Smart City Vision

  • Nobuyuki Tokoro


This chapter takes a look at and analyzes specific initiatives underway in Japan for achieving smart cities. In this context, we will consider innovation processes where a group of companies from different business sectors together with national and local government use Ma thinking to create new knowledge to realize a smart city concept.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nobuyuki Tokoro
    • 1
  1. 1.College of CommerceNihon UniversityTokyoJapan

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