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Use and Reproduction of Ma in Financial Cooperative Organizations in Japan: With a Focus on Ma in Japan and Financial Cooperatives

  • Tsutomu Hasegawa
Chapter

Abstract

Financial cooperative institutions in Japan, which are the main focus of this chapter, were introduced in Japan from Germany during the Meiji Period, but the model was not simply transplanted to Japan in its original form. It was modified and established in a form consistent with conditions of existence in Japan that would allow for its acceptance, and Ma constituted part of the conditions for its establishment. While the concept of a financial cooperative was introduced from overseas, Ma was one factor that set it apart from the model of its origins and allowed for its existence and development.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsutomu Hasegawa
    • 1
  1. 1.College of CommerceNihon UniversityTokyoJapan

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