Advertisement

Coping with the Threat of Evictions: Commercialisation of Slum Development and Local Power Play in Ahmedabad, India

  • Yutaka Sato
Chapter

Abstract

Yutaka Sato’s work is based on fieldwork in the slums of Ahmedabad in India. He examines the strategies that slum dwellers employed to secure their housing rights in response to the local government’s eviction drives. It addresses two different types of collective action initiated by the powerful amongst them to negotiate with external agencies. One was claiming their housing rights through redress with an Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO) and the opposition party. The other was the search for co-operation from their neighbours through coercive means, often with the aim to obtain more compensation. The chapter shows that the powerful members of a slum community can mobilise an ‘illegitimate’ means of survival when they are at risk of eviction and deprived of access to ‘legitimate’ channels of claim-making such as NGOs.

References

  1. Acharya, Shrawan K., and Sonal Parikh. 2002. Slum Networking in Ahmedabad: An Alternative Paradigm. In Poverty and Vulnerability in a Globalising Metropolis: Ahmedabad, ed. Amitabh Kundu and Darshini Mahadevia, 309–348. New Delhi: Manak Publications.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. n.d. Slum Networking Project: A Concept. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  3. Annez, Patricia C., et al. 2012. Ahmedabad: More But Different Government for ‘S lum Free ’  and Livable Cities. Policy Research Working Paper No. 6267. Washington, DC: Sustainable Development Network, Finance Economics and Urban Department, World Bank.Google Scholar
  4. Appadurai, Arjun. 2001. Deep Democracy: Urban Governmentality and the Horizon of Politics. Environment and Urbanization 13 (2): 23–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baviskar, Amita. 2003. Between Violence and Desire: Space, Power and Identity in the Making of Metropolitan Delhi. International Social Science Journal 175: 89–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhatt, Bijal, and Pooja Shah. 2010. Mobilizing Women for Change: Case Study of Sanjaynagar, Ahmedabad. CUE Working Paper, 7. Ahmedabad: Centre for Urban Equity, CEPT University.Google Scholar
  7. Breman, Jan. 2004, January. The Making and Unmaking of an Industrial Working Class: Sliding Down the Labour Hierarchy in Ahmedabad, India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Chandhoke, Neera. 2009. Civil Society in Conflict Cities. Economic and Political Weekly 44 (44): 99–108.Google Scholar
  9. Chatterjee, Partha. 2004. The Politics of the Governed: Reflections on Popular Politics in Most of the World. Delhi: Permanent Black.Google Scholar
  10. Desai, Vandana. 2008. Role of Non-governmental Organizations. In The Companion to Development Studies, ed. Vandana Desai and Rob B. Potter. London: Hodder Education.Google Scholar
  11. Desai, Renu. 2012. Governing the Urban Poor: Riverfront Development, Slum Resettlement and the Politics of Inclusion in Ahmedabad. Economic and Political Weekly 57 (2): 49–56.Google Scholar
  12. ———. 2014. Municipal Politics, Court Sympathy and Housing Rights: A Post-mortem of Displacement and Resettlement Under the Sabarmati Riverfront Project, Ahmedabad. CUE Working Paper 23. Ahmedabad: Centre for Urban Equity, CEPT University.Google Scholar
  13. GOI (Government of India). 2012. Economic Survey 2011–12. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hamid, Naved, and John Martin. 1999. Asian Cities in the 21st Century: Contemporary Approaches to Municipal Management, Vol. 1: Leadership and Change in City Management. Manila: Asian Development Bank.Google Scholar
  15. Harvey, David. 1985. The Urbanization of Capital: Studies in the History and Theory of Capitalist Urbanization. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  16. Holston, James. 2008. Insurgent Citizenship: Disjunctions of Democracy and Modernity in Brazil. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Kudva, Neema. 2009. The Everyday and the Episodic: The Spatial and Political Impacts of Urban Informality. Environment and Planning A 41 (7): 1614–1628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mahadevia, Darshini. 2010. Tenure Security and Urban Social Protection Links: India. IDS Bulletin 41 (4): 52–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. ———. 2011. Branded and Renewed? Policies, Politics and Processes of Urban Development in the Reform Era. Economic and Political Weekly 46 (31): 56–64.Google Scholar
  20. Mahadevia, Darshini, Renu Desai, and Suchita Vyas. 2014. City Profile: Ahmedabad. CUE Working Paper, 26. Ahmedabad: Centre for Urban Equity, CEPT University.Google Scholar
  21. Mathur, Navdeep. 2012. On the Sabarmati Riverfront: Urban Planning as Totalitarian Governance in Ahmedabad. Economic and Political Weekly 57 (47/48): 64–75.Google Scholar
  22. McFarlane, Colin. 2004. Geographical Imaginations and Spaces of Political Engagement: Examples from the Indian Alliance. Antipode 36 (5): 890–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. MHT (Gujarat Mahila Housing SEWA Trust). 1997. Parivartan: Housing Clinic. Ahmedabad. (in Gujarati).Google Scholar
  24. ———. 2001. Parivartan Project: A Manual. Ahmedabad.Google Scholar
  25. Molotch, Harvey L. 1976. The City as a Growth Machine: Toward a Political Economy of Place. American Journal of Sociology 82 (2): 309–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Our Inclusive Ahmedabad. 2010. Report of a Public Hearing on Habitat and Livelihood Displacements. Ahmedabad. http://www.scribd.com/doc/66023157/A-Public-Hearing-on-Habitat-amp-Livelihood-Displacements-in-Ahmedabad-2010. Accessed 15 January 2012.
  27. Rankin, Katharine N. 2004. The Cultural Politics of Markets: Economic Liberalization and Social Change in Nepal. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  28. SEWA (Self-Employed Women’s Association). 1988. Annual Report 1988. Ahmedabad.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 2003. Annual Report 2003. Ahmedabad.Google Scholar
  30. SEWA Academy. 2002. Parivartan and Its Impact: A Partnerships Programme of Infrastructure Development in Slums of Ahmedabad City (Final Draft). Ahmedabad.Google Scholar
  31. Shah, Ghanshyam. 1997. Public Health and Urban Development: The Plague in Surat. New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  32. Spodek, Howard. 2011. Ahmedabad: Shock City of Twentieth Century India. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Srivastava, Sanjay. 2014. Entangled Urbanism: Slum, Gated Community, and Shopping Mall in Delhi and Gurgaon. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tripathi, Dwijendra. 1998. Alliance for Change: A Slum Upgrading Experiment in Ahmedabad. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  35. Tripathi, Dwijendra, and Jyoti Jumani. 2001. Change After Alliance: Sequel to Alliance for Change. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  36. Weinstein, Liza. 2014. The Durable Slum: Dharavi and the Right to Stay Put in Globalizing Mumbai. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  37. de Wit, Joop, and Erhard Berner. 2009. Progressive Patronage? Municipalities, NGOs, CBOs and the Limits to Slum Dwellers’ Empowerment. Development and Change 40 (5): 927–947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yutaka Sato
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Comparative Study of CulturesTsuru UniversityTsuruJapan

Personalised recommendations