James T. Shotwell and the Organisation of Peace

  • Cornelia Navari
Part of the The Palgrave Macmillan History of International Thought book series (PMHIT)


James Shotwell, Professor of History at Columbia University, was an original member of the Inquiry, drafted the critical article for the Protocol on Peaceful Settlement of Disputes and largely drafted Briand’s message to the American people proposing a treaty between the United States and France which initiated the Kellogg-Briand treaty. Carnegie’s editor of the History of the War series, he turned the League of Nations Association to support a new organisation in the form of the United Nations and convened and oversaw the Commission for the Study of the Peace whose reports formed the basis of the UN Charter. Human rights entered into the Charter under his aegis. He represents a shift from political initiatives to social initiatives which marked sections of the progressive movement, pioneered the International Labor Organization and agitated unceasingly for the United States to join international organisations.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cornelia Navari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economics and International StudiesUniversity of BuckinghamBuckinghamUK

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