Tactical Creolization and the Production of Belonging in Migrant Pentecostal Churches in Post-Apartheid South Africa

  • Peter Kankonde Bukasa
Part of the Global Diversities book series (GLODIV)


South Africa is today the first destination of both regular and undocumented migration in Africa. The new migrants enter, however, a highly segregated, conflict prone, xenophobic and socio-culturally transforming host country. This ethnographic study explores how Congolese and Nigerian migrant-initiated multicultural Pentecostal churches located in such a context pursue cohesion or unity in diversity. Indeed, building a sense of belonging and community in their members is a strong component of the mission of any form of organised religion, almost as important as their primary task of proselytising. The study finds that in order to reduce the meaning-making cultural cost of diversity and produce a sense of belonging, migrant churches practice what I term tactical creolization conviviality and social cohesion strategies.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Kankonde Bukasa
    • 1
  1. 1.African Centre for Migration and SocietyUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

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