Chapter 3.1: Introducing Dialogic Research Art

  • Eugene MatusovEmail author
  • Ana Marjanovic-Shane
  • Mikhail Gradovski


In this chapter we introduce our research approach as dialogic research art through comparing and contrasting two paradigms of scientific research: the conventional positivist method and dialogic research art. Using Aristotle’s terminology, we claim that the idea of the predefined scientific method, a series of correct steps and procedures that would guarantee arriving at the truth, can be defined as poïesis. Poïesis is such an activity where its goal, value, form, and the definition of what constitutes its quality preexist the activity itself. Thus, poïesis focuses on the given and objective, excluding any subjectivity, that is, subjectivity itself becomes objectified. Poïesis does not know personal authorship and personal responsibility—rather it knows impersonal method/technique and person-free objectivity. In contrast, dialogic research epistemology is very different, as it rejects the notion of a research method in favor of dialogic research art. The concept of research art is based on the phronêsis way of knowing (Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics (R. Crisp, Trans.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000; Carr, Journal of Philosophy of Education, 40, 421–435, 2006), which can be loosely defined as practical wisdom situated in a unique context, and the notion of praxis, defined by Aristotle as an activity where its goal, value, form, and the definition of what constitutes its quality emerge in the activity itself. The definition of the success of dialogic research art in each unique context does not preexist the art-making itself but emerges from it. This new definition of success in the art-making and its new underlying value has to be recognized and defended in the act of taking responsibility—literally an accepted duty to reply to challenging questions about the new artwork.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugene Matusov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Marjanovic-Shane
    • 2
  • Mikhail Gradovski
    • 3
  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Independent ScholarPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.University of StavangerStavangerNorway

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