The Rise of Anti-Nuclear Protest

  • Lawrence FreedmanEmail author
  • Jeffrey Michaels


The Western debate often took the appearance of being between a focus on the ‘Soviet threat’ or the ‘nuclear threat’ (‘red or dead’ in the earliest version). This was especially the case at the start of the 1980s as protest movements in Western countries challenged the Reagan Administration’s conviction that most of the world’s security problems could be traced to Moscow. The resultant debate forced into the open many of the particular dilemmas of nuclear strategy and gave strength to those who argued that this dilemma could only be resolved by measures of radical disarmament—multilateral if possible but unilateral if necessary.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of War StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Defence StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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