No Cities

  • Lawrence FreedmanEmail author
  • Jeffrey Michaels


The stress on the improvements in conventional forces reflected the Kennedy Administration’s conviction that there was no good way to fight a nuclear war and that this would be as evident in Moscow as it was in Washington. Threats to use nuclear weapons first, even in the most tentative way, therefore lacked credibility. But building up conventional forces was going to take time. The Europeans seemed wedded to massive retaliation and reluctant to increase their defence budgets.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of War StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Defence StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations