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High Mountains of Admiration: The Philosophy of Moral Education of the Confucian Big Three

  • Zhuran You
  • A. G. Rud
  • Yingzi Hu
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter covers the philosophies of moral education of Confucius, Mencius, and Hsun Tzu. It starts with Confucius’ ideas of rule by morality, which highlight the integration of politics and moral cultivation, then comes to the spiritual core of benevolence and the doctrine of the mean, and the concept cluster made up of faithfulness, credibility, reciprocity, filial piety, and righteousness, as well as their implications for moral education. Next it focuses on Mencius and Hsun Tzu by contrasting their philosophies, for example, Mencius’ proposition of “good nature” versus Tzu’s “evil nature” argument, Mencius’ themes of benevolence and righteousness versus Hsun Tzu’s solemnizing rites and valuing laws, and Mencius’ roles of the heart and qi in cultivating morality versus Hsun Tzu’s use of rites to eliminate evil intentions and shape good habits.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuran You
    • 1
  • A. G. Rud
    • 2
  • Yingzi Hu
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Teacher EducationShaoxing UniversityShaoxing CityChina
  2. 2.College of EducationWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  3. 3.Office of the ProvostShaoxing UniversityShaoxing CityChina

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