The Heart of Tao Is Subtle: The Emergence of the Philosophy of Chinese Moral Education

  • Zhuran You
  • A. G. Rud
  • Yingzi Hu


This chapter discusses the background information and the origins of the philosophy of Chinese moral education at the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty, as embodied in the earliest books in China.

The ideas and concepts include the heart-to-heart transmission of a 16-word-maxim, the culture of family and state, and the principles of the moral development of the superior man in The Book of Changes. Also included are the philosophies in The Book of History, such as Jizi’s propositions of heaven and human interactions, the framework of the Five Elements, and the Duke of Zhou’s doctrines of cultivating morality to match the mandate of heaven, filial piety, righteousness, and the moral education system of rites and music.


  1. Anonymous. (1980). Commentaries and explanations to the thirteen classics. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.Google Scholar
  2. Chen, F. (2013). The modern significance of philosophy in the Classic of Changes. Studies of Zhouyi, 5, 85–93.Google Scholar
  3. Hu, P., & Chen, M. (Eds.). (2012). The book of rites and the classic of Filial Piety. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.Google Scholar
  4. Huang, S., & Zhang, S. (2004). Translation and annotation of the book of changes. Shanghai: Shanghai Chinese Classics Publishing House.Google Scholar
  5. Jiang, H., & Qian, Z. (1990). Translation of modern and ancient book of history. Guiyan: Guizhou People’s Press.Google Scholar
  6. Ke, Y. (1993). Study on Confucius’ moral education. Journal of Huaqiao University (Philosophy & Social Sciences), 2, 59–67.Google Scholar
  7. Liu, M. (1998). An exploration on notes to Book of Changes (silk book version). Taipei: Literature History and Philosophy Publishing House.Google Scholar
  8. Mencius, & Yang, B. (1981). Annotations on Mencius. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.Google Scholar
  9. Nan, H. (2007). Lectures of Nan Huaijin. Shanghai: Shanghai People Publishing House.Google Scholar
  10. Shi, Q. (1982). Records of the grand historian. Beijing: Chung Hua Book CO.Google Scholar
  11. Song, H. (1985). The forming and development of ancient traditional Chinese geography. Studies in Dialectics of Nature, 3, 65–70.Google Scholar
  12. Song, Z. (1990). The similarities and differences between the book of changes and its commentaries. Changsha: Human Normal University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Wang, Q. (2011). Moral education thoughts of Confucianism in the perspective of the origins of music education. Modern University Education, 3, 89–93.Google Scholar
  14. Yang, Z. (2001). A comparison of the system of enfeoffment between the Western Zhou and the Medieval Western Europe. Jianghan Forum, 5, 44–47.Google Scholar
  15. You, H. (2001). Study on the book of history. Changsha: Hunan Education Publishing House.Google Scholar
  16. You, H., Wang, C., Jia, Z., & You, Z. (2014). The full biography of the original saint the Duke of Zhou. Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House.Google Scholar
  17. Yu, K. (1996). Cheng Yi’s study of outer kingliness and serving the state. Confucius Studies, 2, 38–49.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuran You
    • 1
  • A. G. Rud
    • 2
  • Yingzi Hu
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Teacher EducationShaoxing UniversityShaoxing CityChina
  2. 2.College of EducationWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  3. 3.Office of the ProvostShaoxing UniversityShaoxing CityChina

Personalised recommendations