Advertisement

Myth

  • Tudor BalinisteanuEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides a discussion of myth as poetic literary style, based on the distinction between mythos and logos introduced through an analysis of understandings of the terms in archaic Greece. The archaic associations of mythos with truth, and of logos with beguilement and deception, are discussed in relation to Romantic and modernist poetics and philosophies in the context of civic liberalism, utopias, patriarchal values, myth as means of human cognition, and myth as constitutive pragmatically necessary fiction, among others. This leads to the argument, centrally based on Bracha Ettinger’s work on matrixial borderspace, that myth is a literary style engendering faith and belief experienced somatically, because what is experienced is a memory of co-emergence with another (the [M]other) which cannot be expressed symbolically.

Keywords

Style Ettinger Somatic Cognition Logos 

References

  1. Arnold, Matthew. (1879) 1973a. On Poetry. In English Literature and Irish Politics: Matthew Arnold, ed. R.H. Super, 61–63. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 1973b. The Future of Liberalism. In English Literature and Irish Politics: Matthew Arnold, 136–160.Google Scholar
  3. ———. (1880) 1973c. The Study of Poetry. In English Literature and Irish Politics: Matthew Arnold, 161–188.Google Scholar
  4. ———. (1881) 1973d. Byron. In English Literature and Irish Politics: Matthew Arnold, 217–237.Google Scholar
  5. Aron, Arthur, et al. 2005. Reward, Motivation, and Emotion Systems Associated with Early-Stage Intense Romantic Love. Journal of Neurophysiology 94 (1): 327–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bakhtin, Mikhail. 1981. The Dialogic Imagination. Edited by Michael Holquist and Translated by Caryl Emerson and M. Holquist. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  7. Barth, Hans. 1976. Truth and Ideology. Translated by Frederic Lilge. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  8. Bryant, Jacob. 1776. A New System, or, an Analysis of Ancient Mythology, Volume III. London: Printed for T. Payne et al.Google Scholar
  9. Bulkeley, Kelly. 2005. The Wondering Brain: Thinking About Religion with and beyond Cognitive Neuroscience. New York, NY: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Butler, Judith. 2006. Foreword: Bracha’s Eurydice. In Bracha Ettinger, The Matrixial Borderspace, ed. Brian Massumi, vii–xii. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  11. Chapman, E., et al. 2006. Fetal Testosterone and Empathy: Evidence from the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” Test. Social Neuroscience 1 (2): 135–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chodorow, Joan. 1991. Dance Therapy & Depth Psychology: The Moving Imagination. Hove: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Dumézil, Georges. 1980. Camillus: A Study of Indo-European Religion as Roman History. Edited by Udo Strutynski and Translated by Annette Aronowicz and Josette Bryson. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  14. Durkheim, Émile. (1912) 2001. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Translated by Carol Cosman. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Eliade, M. 1959. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. Translated by W.R. Trask. Orlando, FL: Harcourt.Google Scholar
  16. Ettinger, Bracha L. 2006. The Matrixial Borderspace. Edited by Brian Massumi. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  17. Feuerbach, Ludwig. (1841) 1854. The Essence of Christianity. Translated by Marian Evans. London: Chapman.Google Scholar
  18. Fielding, Henry. 1825. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Vol. 1 (2 Vols.). London: Baynes.Google Scholar
  19. Frazer, James G. 1894. The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion (2 Vols.). New York, NY: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  20. Freud, Sigmund. (1913) 1998. Totem and Taboo. Edited by Julie Nord and Translated by A. A. Brill. Mineola, NY: Dover.Google Scholar
  21. Guénon, René. 2009. The Essential René Guénon: Metaphysics, Tradition, and the Crisis of Modernity. Edited by John Herlihy. Bloomington, IN: World Wisdom.Google Scholar
  22. Harrison, Jane Ellen. (1903) 1991. Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Herder, Johann Gottfried. (1773) 1988. Extract from Correspondence on Ossian and the Songs of Ancient Peoples. In The Origins of Modern Critical Thought: German Aesthetic and Literary Criticism from Lessing to Hegel, ed. David Simpson, 71–76. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Hick, John. 2006. The New Frontier of Religion and Science: Religious Experience, Neuroscience, and the Transcendent. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jakobson, Roman. 1985. Selected Writings: Volume VII Contributions to Comparative Mythology. Edited by Stephen Rudy. Berlin: De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson, Barbara. 1987. A World of Difference. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Jones, Sir William. 1807. The Third Anniversary Discourse, Delivered 2 February, 1786. In The Works of Sir William Jones, Volume III, ed. Sir John Shore Teignmouth, Baron (13 Vols.), 24–46. London: Printed for J. Stockdale and J. Walker.Google Scholar
  28. Jung, C.G. 2000. Collected Works (21 Vols.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Lang, Andrew. (1901) 1969. Magic and Religion. New York, NY: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  30. Lévi-Strauss, Claude. 1963. Structural Anthropology, Volume 1. Translated by Claire Jacobson and Brooke Grundfest Schoepf. New York, NY: Basic.Google Scholar
  31. Lincoln, Bruce. 1999. Theorizing Myth: Narrative, Ideology, and Scholarship. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  32. Malinowski, Bronislaw. (1926/1927) 2002. Malinowski Collected Works, Volume V: The Father in Primitive Psychology; Myth in Primitive Psychology. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Massumi, Brian. 2006. Painting: The Voice of the Grain. In Bracha Ettinger,. In The Matrixial Borderspace, 201–213.Google Scholar
  34. Miller, J. Hillis. 2000. Friedrich Schlegel and the Anti-Ekphrastic Tradition. In Revenge of the Aesthetic: The Place of Literature in Theory Today, ed. Michael P. Clark, 58–75. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  35. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1892. Anthropological Religion: The Gifford Lectures. London: Longmans.Google Scholar
  36. Nietzsche, Friedrich. (1872) 1999. The Birth of Tragedy and Other Writings. Edited by R. Geuss and R. Speirs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  37. North, Michael. 1991. The Political Aesthetic of Yeats, Eliot, and Pound. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Rank, Otto. 2004. The Myth of the Birth of the Hero: A Psychological Exploration of Myth. Translated by Gregory C. Richter and E. James Lieberman. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Rorty, Richard. 1989. Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Saussure, Ferdinand de. (1916) 1983. Course in General Linguistics. Translated by Gregory Roy Harris. La Salle, IL: Open Court.Google Scholar
  41. Schlegel, Friedrich. (1808) 1849. On the Indian Language, Literature, and Philosophy. In The Aesthetic and Miscellaneous Works of Frederick Von Schlegel, trans. E.J. Millington, 425–495. London: Bohn.Google Scholar
  42. Schopenhauer, Arthur. (1819) 1969. The World as Will and Representation (2 Vols.). Translated by E.F.J. Payne. New York, NY: Dover.Google Scholar
  43. Seybold, Kevin S. 2007. Explorations in Neuroscience, Psychology and Religion. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  44. Smith, William Robertson. (1894) 2002. Religion of the Semites. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  45. Sorel, Georges. (1908) 2004. Reflections on Violence. 2nd American ed. Edited by E.A. Shils and Translated by T.E. Hulme and J. Roth. Mineola, NY: Dover.Google Scholar
  46. Stewart, L.H. 1987. Affect and Archetype in Analysis. In Archetypal Processes in Psychotherapy, ed. Nathan Schwartz-Salant and Murray B. Stein, 131–162. Wilmette, IL: Chiron.Google Scholar
  47. Vico, G. (1725) 1984. The New Science of Giambattista Vico. 2nd Cornell University Press ed. Translated by T.G. Bergin and M.H. Fisch. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Von Hendy, Andrew. 2002. The Modern Construction of Myth. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  49. West, M.L., ed. 1966. Hesiod: Theogony. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Zaki, Jamil, and Kevin N. Ochsner. 2012. The Neuroscience of Empathy: Progress, Pitfalls and Promise. Nature Neuroscience 15 (5): 675–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SuceavaSuceavaRomania

Personalised recommendations