Chapter 1.1: The Relevance of Freire for the Post-2015 International Debate on Development and Education and the Role of Popular Education

  • Timothy D. Ireland


The current international debate on the nature and content of the post-2015 agenda tends to reflect predominantly a European liberalism and ‘Western Paternalism’ in which the tension between a more progressive liberalism and a classical neoliberalism is evident and in which paradigms of what constitutes development and education in a planetary context, nurtured in the global south, are largely ignored. We would like to argue that Freire’s concept of popular education, in dialogue with more recent concepts like those of good living (‘buen vivir’) from Latin America and gross national happiness (GNH), from Bhutan, provide viable alternative forms for understanding the relationship between development and education. This could re-dimension the debate with regard to its concern with sustainability, interdependence and lifelong education.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy D. Ireland
    • 1
  1. 1.UNESCO Chair in Youth and Adult EducationFederal University of ParaibaJoão PessoaBrazil

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