Mobilizing Political Traditions: We Want Justice, Not Charity

  • Chien-hui Li
Part of the The Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series book series (PMAES)


This chapter shows that, while there was no consensus among secularists and socialists regarding the animal cause, during the progressive fin de siècle period, numerous freethinkers, socialists, and suffragists joined the animal defense movement and employed radical concepts, rhetoric, critiques and tactics, to challenge conventional politics of the animal defense movement. For example, they proposed consistent principles of “humanitarianism” and “animal rights” in reaction to the mainstream movement’s conservative ideologies, with all their inconsistencies and social bias. The political language of the day, involving notions such as “justice” and “rights” with radical connotations, was consciously adopted to replace or supplement the pious language of “mercy” and “kindness” to animals. New campaigns that further challenged humans’ exploitation of animals, in practices such as hunting and meat-eating, also surfaced. Inspired by the increasingly bold tactics adopted in the progressive fin de siècle era, a substantial section of the movement even resorted to campaigning methods such as undercover investigations, media exposure, giant poster displays, shop propaganda, and open-air demonstrations that the movement had previously shunned. With such wide-ranging mobilization of oppositional political resources and their recreated uses, the movement’s radical fringe not only helped to transform the movement in terms of its ideology, objectives, and tactics, but also sustained it in its second century of operation as it struggled to keep pace with the progressive currents of the new age.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chien-hui Li
    • 1
  1. 1.National Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

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