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Surgery for Bodies Commonly Gendered as Male

  • James Bellringer
Chapter
Part of the Critical and Applied Approaches in Sexuality, Gender and Identity book series (CAASGI)

Abstract

This chapter explores the history of surgery for birth-assigned males who have a non-binary gender, principally by orchidectomy. It goes on to outline techniques currently in use to treat non-binary individuals with a male phenotype, such as bilateral orchidectomy, and variations on genital reconstruction without vaginoplasty, and modified labioplasty.

References

  1. Bellringer, J. (2007). Genital Surgery. In J. Barrett (Ed.), Transsexualism and Other Disorders of Gender Identity (pp. 209–219). Oxford: Radcliffe.Google Scholar
  2. Coleman, E., Bockting, W., Botzer, M., Cohen-Kettenis, P., DeCuypere, G., Feldman, J., et al. (2012). Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender-Nonconforming people, Version 7. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13, 165–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fang, R. H., Chen, C. F., & Ma, S. A. (1992). A New Method for Clitoroplasty in Male-to-Female Sex Reassignment Surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 89(4), 679–682.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Lawrence, A. A. (2006). Patient-Reported Complications and Functional Outcomes of Male-to-Female Sex Reassignment Surgery. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35, 717–727.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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Further Reading

  1. Bellringer, J. (2007). Genital Surgery. In J. Barrett (Ed.), Transsexualism and Other Disorders of Gender Identity (pp. 209–219). Oxford: Radcliffe.Google Scholar
  2. Coleman, E., Bockting, W., Botzer, M., Cohen-Kettenis, P., DeCuypere, G., Feldman, J., et al. (2012). Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender-Nonconforming People, Version 7. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13, 165–232.Google Scholar
  3. Richards, C., Bouman, W. P., Seal, L., Barker, M. J., Nieder, T., & T’Sjoen, G. (2016). Non-binary or Genderqueer Genders. International Review of Psychiatry, 28(1), 95–102.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Bellringer
    • 1
  1. 1.Parkside HospitalLondonUK

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