Advertisement

Chapter 3: Engaging with the Politics of Porn: Coming in ‘Slantwise’ with Contemporary Art in the Sexuality Education Classroom

  • Kathleen Quinlivan
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Gender and Education book series (GED)

Abstract

This chapter suggests approaches that can engage open-endedly with the ways in which sexuality and relationships are currently being configured in a neoliberal era of consumption and commodification in the sexuality education classroom. Drawing on Fine and Mclelland’s (2006) concept of notion of thick desire as a way to respond meaningfully to the lived complexities of diverse young people’s lives, I explore the possibilities of orientating the curriculum in ways which respond to issues of concern to students, in this case, a student-led invitation to engage with the politics of porn. I suggest that engaging with the visual arts, in this case paintings, provides an open- ended way to engage thoughtfully and critically with porn. The chapter utilises Deleuze and Guattari’s (1987) philosophical concept of deterritorialisation as a way to consider how young people’s engagement with paintings opens possibilities for a reconsideration of normative assumptions about pleasure and desire in ways that could be meaningful to them. Drawing on a series of paintings by New Zealand artist Linda James, I show how engaging with paintings could provide both teachers and students with a way to connect- both intellectually and affectively, with the politics of pleasure, as a broader social and political issue. Such an approach calls for an experimental orientation to sexuality education encounters in the classroom that could engage carefully and thoughtfully with young people’s responses to contemporary issues such as porn in ways that are relevant to their own experiences.

References

  1. Addison, N. (2006). Acknowledging the Gap Between Sex Education and the Lived Experiences of Young People: A Discussion of Paula Rego’s The Pillowman (2004) and Other Cautionary Tales. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 6(4), 351–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmed, S. (2006). Queer Phenomenology: Orientations, Objects, Others. Durham, NC/London: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Albright, J. M. (2012). Porn 2.0: The Libidinal Economy and the Consumption of Desire in the Digital Age. In Transformative Consumer Research for Personal and Collective Well-being (pp. 499–522). New York/London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  4. Albury, K. (2014). Porn and Sex Education, Porn as Sex Education. Porn Studies, 1(1–2), 172–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Allen, L. (2004). Beyond the Birds and the Bees. Constituting a Discourse of Erotics in Sexuality Education. Gender and Education, 16(2), 151–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Allen, L. (2006). “Looking at the Real Thing”: Young Men, Pornography, and Sexuality Education. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 27(1), 69–83.Google Scholar
  7. Allen, L. (2011). Young People and Sexuality Education: Rethinking Key Debates. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Allen, L. (2012). Pleasure’s Perils? Critically Reflecting on Pleasure’s Inclusion in Sexuality Education. Sexualities, 15(3/4), 455–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. American Psychological Association. (2007). Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualisation of Girls. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/women/programs/girls/report.aspx
  10. Attwood, F. (2006). Sexed Up: Theorising the Sexualisation of Culture. Sexualities, 9(7), 77–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bale, C. (2011). Raunch or Romance? Framing and Interpreting the Relationship Between Sexualized Culture and Young People’s Sexual Health. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 11(3), 303–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bauman, Z. (2003). Liquid Love: On the Frailty of Human Bonds. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  13. Bay-Cheng, L. Y. (2003). The Trouble of Teen Sex: The Construction of Adolescent Sexuality Through School-Based Sexuality Education. Sex Education, 3(1), 61–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bragg, S. (2006). Having a Real Debate: Using Media as a Resource in Sex Education. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 6(4), 317–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Britzman, D. (2010). The Very Thought of Education: Psychoanalysis and the Impossible Professions. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  16. Buckingham, D., & Bragg, S. (2004). Young People, Sex, and the Media: The Facts of Life? Hampshire, UK: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Buckingham, D., Bragg, S., Russell, R., & Willett, R. (2011). Too Much, Too Soon? Children, ‘Sexualization’ and Consumer Culture. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 11(3), 279–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Buckingham, D., & Chronaki, D. (2014). Saving the Children? Pornography, Childhood and the Internet. In S. Wagg & J. Pilcher (Eds.), Thatcher’s Grandchildren (pp. 1–15). Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  19. Carlson, D. (2011). Constructing the Adolescent Body: Cultural Studies and Sexuality Education. In D. Carlson & D. Roseboro (Eds.), The Sexuality Curriculum and Youth Culture. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  20. Casemore, B. (2010). Free Association in Sex Education: Understanding Sexuality as the Flow of Thought in Conversation and Curriculum. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 10(3), 309–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Casemore, B. (2011). “A Different Idea” in the Sex Education Curriculum: Thinking Through the Emotional Experience of Sexuality. In E. Meiners & T. Quinn (Eds.), Sexualities in Education: A Reader (pp. 321–335). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  22. Connell, E. (2005). Desire as Interruption: Young Women and Sexuality Education in Ontario, Canada. Sex Education, 2(3), 253–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Deleuze, G., & Guattari, F. (1987). A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. London: The Athione Press.Google Scholar
  24. Dines, G. (2010). Pornland: How Porn Has Hijacked Our Sexuality. Boston: Beacon Press Books.Google Scholar
  25. Dittman, R., & Meecham, P. (2006). Transgender and Art in the School Curriculum. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 6(4), 403–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ellsworth, E. (2005). Places of Learning. Media, Architecture, Pedagogy. New York: Routledge Falmer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Fine, M. (1988). Sexuality, Schooling, and Adolescent Females: The Missing Discourse of Desire. Harvard Educational Review, 58(1), 29–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Fine, M., & McClelland, S. I. (2006). Sexuality Education and Desire: Still Missing After All These Years. Harvard Educational Review, 76(3), 297–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Garrison, J. (2011). The Self-Porning of American Youth. In D. Carlson & D. Roseboro (Eds.), The Sexuality Curriculum and Youth Culture (pp. 348–362). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  30. Gilbert, J. (2004). Literature as Sex Education. Changing English: Studies in Culture and Education, 11(2), 233–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gilbert, J. (2010). Ambivalence Only? Sex Education in the Age of Abstinence. Sex Education, 10(3), 233–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Gilbert, J. (2014). Sexuality in School: The Limits of Education. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gill, R. (2009). Beyond the ‘Sexualisation of Culture’ Thesis: An Intersectional Analysis of ‘Sixpacks’, ‘Midriffs’, and ‘Hot Lesbians’ in Advertising. Sexualities, 12(2), 137–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Gill, R. (2012). Media, Empowerment, and the ‘Sexualisation of Culture’ Debates. Sex Roles, 66, 736–745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Giroux, H. (2010). Neoliberalism as Public Pedagogy. In J. Sandlin, B. Schultz, & J. Burdick (Eds.), Handbook of Public Pedagogy: Education and Learning Beyond Schooling (pp. 486–599). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  36. Giroux, H. (2011). Teenage Sexuality, Body Politics and the Pedagogy of Display. In D. Carlson & D. Roseboro (Eds.), The Sexuality Curriculum and Youth Culture (pp. 189–216). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  37. Greene, M. (1978). Landscapes of Learning. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  38. Greene, M. (2010). Resisting Plague: Pedagogies of Thoughtfulness and Imagination. In J. Sandlin, B. Schutz, & J. Burdick (Eds.), Handbook of Public Pedagogy: Education and Learning Beyond Schooling (pp. 28–31). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Harris, A. (2005). Discourses of Desire as Governmentality: Young Women, Sexuality and the Significance of Safe Spaces. Feminism & Psychology, 15, 39–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Harris, A. (2013). Animating Failure: Digital Collaboration at the Intersection of Sex, Race, and Culture. Continuum, 27(6), 812–824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Harvey, L., & Ringrose, J. (2015). Sexting, Ratings and Mis-recognition: Teen Boys Performing Classed and Racialised Masculinities in Digitally Networked Publics. In E. Renold, J. Ringrose, & R. D. Egan (Eds.), Children, Sexuality and Sexualisation (pp. 337–367). Buckingham, UK: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  42. Hawkes, G. (1996). A Sociology of Sex and Sexuality. Philadelphia: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Ingham, R. (2007). ‘We Didn’t Cover that at School’: Education Against Pleasure or Education for Pleasure? Sex Education, 5(4), 375–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ivinson, G., & Renold, E. (2013). Subjectivity, Affect and Place: Thinking with Deleuze and Guattari’s Body Without Organs to Explore a Young Girl’s Becomings in a Post-industrial Locale. Subjectivity, 6(4), 369–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. James, L. (2007). Out of the Chaos: Precious Lives. Retrieved from http:// www.lindajames.co.nz/preciouslives.html
  46. Johnson, B., Harrison, L., Ollis, D., Flentje, J., Arnold, P., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2016). ‘It Is Not All About Sex’: Young People’s Views About Sexuality and Relationships Education. Report of Stage 1 of the Engaging Young People in Sexuality Education Research Project. Adelaide: University of South Australia.Google Scholar
  47. Kehily, M. (2012). Contextualising the Sexualisation of Girls Debate: Innocence, Experience and Young Female Sexuality. Gender and Education, 24(3), 255–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kenway, J., & Bullen, E. (2005). Globalising the Young in the Age of Desire: Some Educational Policy Issues. In M. Apple, J. Kenway, & M. Singh (Eds.), Globalising Education (pp. 31–43). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  49. Khan, D. (2010). Linda James: Fallen. COCA Exhibitions. Retrieved from http://www.coca.org.nz/exhibitions/236/
  50. Lamb, S. (2010a). Porn as a Pathway to Empowerment? A Response to Peterson’s Commentary. Sex Roles, 62, 314–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Lamb, S. (2010b). Feminist Ideals for a Healthy Female Adolescent Sexuality: A Critique. Sex Roles, 62(5/6), 294–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Leahy, D., Burrows, L., McCuaig, L., Wright, J., & Penny, D. (2016). School Health Education in Changing Times: Curriculum, Pedagogies and Partnerships. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  53. Lenz-Taguchi, H. (2012). A Diffractive and Deleuzian Approach to Analysing Interview Data. Feminist Theory, 13(3), 265–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lesko, N. (2010). Feeling Abstinent, Feeling Comprehensive? Touching the Effects of Sexuality Curricula. Sex Education, 10(3), 281–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Levy, A. (2005). Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  56. McKee, A. (2012). Pornography as Entertainment. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 26(4), 541–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. McNair, B. (2002). Striptease Culture Sex, Media and the Democratisation of Desire. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Meiners, E., & Quinn, T. (2012). Introduction: Love, Labour & Learning. In E. Meiners & T. Quinn (Eds.), Sexualities in Education: A Reader (pp. 1–4). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  59. Meyer, E. (2011). She’s the Man: Deconstructing the Gender and Sexuality Curriculum at “Hollywood High”. In D. Carlson & D. Roseboro (Eds.), The Sexuality Curriculum and Youth Culture (pp. 231–345). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  60. Mulholland, M. (2015). Is There a New Normal? Young People Negotiate Pornification. In E. Renold, J. Ringrose, & R. D. Egan (Eds.), Children, Sexuality and Sexualisation (pp. 321–336). Buckingham, UK: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Papadopoulos, L. (2010). Sexualisation of Young People Review. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  62. Peterson, Z. (2010). What Is Sexual Empowerment? A Multidimensional and Process-Oriented Approach to Adolescent Girls’ Sexual Empowerment. Sex Roles, 62, 307–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Pinar, W. (2012). What Is Curriculum Theory? (2nd ed.). New York: Taylor and Francis.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Quinlivan, K. (2017). ‘Getting It Right’? Producing Race and Gender in the Neoliberal School Based Sexuality Education Assemblage. In L. Allen & M. L. R. Rasmussen (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Sexualities Education (pp. 391–493). London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Quinlivan, K., Rasmussen, M., Aspin, C., Allen, L., & Sanjakdar, F. (2014). Crafting the Normative Subject: Queering the Politics of Race in the New Zealand Health Education Classroom. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 35(3), 393–404.Google Scholar
  66. Rasmussen, M. L. (2012). Pleasure/Desire, Sexularism and Sexuality Education. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 12(4), 469–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Rasmussen, M. L., Rofes, E., & Talburt, S. (2004). Introduction. In M. L. Rasmussen, E. Rofes, & S. Talburt (Eds.), Youth and Sexualities: Pleasure, Subversion and Insubordination In and Out of Schools (pp. 17–39). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Rasmussen, M. L., Sanjakdar, F., Aspin, C., Allen, L., & Quinlivan, K. (2011). Sexuality Education in Australia and New Zealand: Responding to Religious and Cultural Difference. In Australian Research Council Discovery Grant, 2011–2012. Melbourne, VIC: Australian Research Council.Google Scholar
  69. Renold, E., Egan, D., & Ringrose, J. (2015). Introduction. In E. Renold, J. Ringrose, & R. D. Egan (Eds.), Children, Sexuality and Sexualisation (pp. 1–17). Buckingham, UK: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Renold, E., & Ringrose, J. (2011). Schizoid Subjectivities? Re-theorizing Teen Girls’ Sexual Cultures in an Era of ‘Sexualization’. Journal of Sociology, 47(4), 389–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Ringrose, J. (2013). Postfeminist Education? Girls and the Sexual Politics of Schooling. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  72. Ringrose, J., Gill, R., Livingstone, S., & Harvey L. (2012). A Qualitative Study of Children, Young People and Sexting. A Report Prepared for the NSPCC.Google Scholar
  73. Rush, E., & Le Nauze, A. (2006). Letting Children Be Children: Stopping the Sexualisation of Children in Australia (Discussion Paper Number 93). The Australia Institute. Retrieved from http://www.tai.org.au/documents/downloads/DP90.pdf
  74. Sandlin, J., Schultz, B., & Burdick, J. (2010). Understanding, Mapping, and Exploring the Terrain of Public Pedagogy. In J. Sandlin, B. Schultz, & J. Burdick (Eds.), Handbook of Public Pedagogy: Education and Learning Beyond Schooling (pp. 1–6). New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Sandlos, K. (2009). Encounters with Insignificance in Teaching and Learning: Gus van Sant’s Elephant. The Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 31, 55–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Sandlos, K. (2010). On the Aesthetic Difficulties of Research on Sex Education: Toward a Methodology of Affect. Sex Education, 10(3), 299–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Smith, C. (2007). One for the Girls! The Pleasures and Practices of Reading Women’s Porn. London: Intellect Books.Google Scholar
  78. Talburt, S. (2010). ‘After-Queer’: Subjunctive Pedagogies. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 23(1), 49–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Tolman, D. M. (2002). Dilemmas of Desire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  80. Troutman, S. (2011). The Cautionary Whale, Viking, Vessel, Planet or Saint? Adolescence and Maternal Configuration in Juno and Beyond. In D. Carlson & D. Roseboro (Eds.), The Sexuality Curriculum and Youth Culture (pp. 246–260). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  81. Vares, T., Jackson, S., & Gill, R. (2011). Preteen Girls Read ‘Tween’ Popular Culture: Diversity, Complexity and Contradiction. International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, 7, 139–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen Quinlivan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations