Case Study 2: The Detention of Sharī’ah Offenders in Pusat Pemulihan Akidah (Islamic Rehabilitation Centres) in Malaysia
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As with case study 1, the increasing Islamisation of Malaysia has produced increasing application of Islamic law including detention in Rehabilitation Centres. This chapter explores the source of authority in the Federal Constitution for the Islamic legal system and jurisdiction for sentencing offenders. The controversial penalties of whipping and caning are explored as well as highlighting the wide discretionary powers granted to the Islamic judiciary. The case study illustrates a lack of consistency in judicial interpretation and an absence of guidelines on what constitutes minimum sentences. The case study outlines the key offences which could be subject to detention as well as their reach to juveniles. The draconian nature of the sentences puts them at odds with international commitments and directions in many nations which have decriminalised corporal punishment and public displays of humiliation.
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