Mondragon: Cooperatives in Global Capitalism

  • Joseba AzkarragaEmail author
  • George Cheney


This chapter offers a contemporary, interpretive review of William F. Whyte and Kathleen K. Whyte’s (1991, Cornell University Press) classic study of the Mondragon cooperatives, Making Mondragon. We consider enduring lessons from that book, the organizational evolution of the cooperatives, and several key questions that connect the Mondragon cooperatives to broader social, economic, and environmental contexts. We briefly reexamine democratic traditions in the Basque society and in the organization of the cooperatives in order to capture more fully the changes in as well as constancy in social value commitments. Because of Mondragon’s leadership position in the world of cooperatives and especially worker-owned-and-governed co-ops, we use this case to consider the future of the cooperative movement in light of pressing global needs.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Social WorkUniversity of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)Leioa, Basque CountrySpain
  2. 2.Department of CommunicationUniversity of Colorado at Colorado SpringsColorado SpringsUSA

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